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ျပည္သူေတြဆီမွာ လြတ္လပ္မႈနဲ႔ တန္းတူညီမွ်မႈ အရင္ဆံုး ရွိေနမွ ဒီမိုိကေရစီ စံႏႈန္းရွိတာ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။

Archive for August 31st, 2009

Myanmar refugees begin to return home from China

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Myanmar refugees begin to return home from China


NANSAN, China — Myanmar refugees were heading home from China on Monday following the end of fighting between government troops and an ethnic militia, but some experts said the unrest could affect Beijing’s relations with Myanmar.

The initial flight across the border showed how Myanmar’s junta can sow instability that spills into China, prompting a rare request from Beijing at the end of last week that the generals stabilize the situation and protect the interests of Chinese nationals inside the country.

While fighting ended soon after with a quick defeat for the rebels, Myanmar’s decision to launch the attack so near the Chinese border was seen as a snub to Beijing by some analysts.

“The Chinese have learned that the Burmese regime are not as compliant as they assumed,” said Monique Skidmore, an expert on Myanmar at Australia’s University of Canberra. Myanmar is also known as Burma.

More than 30,000 civilian refugees had streamed into China to escape the fighting, which broke out last week after hundreds of Myanmar soldiers moved into Kokang, an ethnically Chinese region in northeastern Myanmar that borders China’s Yunnan province.

Myanmar is trying to consolidate control over several armed ethnic groups along its borders to ensure smooth conditions for next year’s national elections, the first in nearly 20 years. Several groups are resisting pressure to become border guards ahead of the vote.

The area is on the fringe of the drug-producing Golden Triangle region where Myanmar, Thailand and Laos meet, and much of the heroin and amphetamines produced there is smuggled into China where its sale funds the ethnic militias.

China has been working closely with Myanmar to stem the drug trade and is anxious to ensure that the other symptoms of the region’s unrest — like high crime rates and casinos — stay on Myanmar’s side of the border.

Beijing’s desire for stability along that border is partially behind its nearly unwavering support for the generals who run Myanmar, despite international concerns about the authoritarian regime, said Donald Seekins, a Myanmar expert at Meio University in Japan.

“Beijing is not 100 percent happy with the military regime, but it sees no viable alternative and will do everything it can to restore stability in the border area — including intensive negotiations and behind-the-scenes pressuring of the parties involved,” he said.

On Monday, hundreds of refugees who’ve spent at least the past week in China were transported from camps to the border, where they walked through the gate, clutching bags and blankets. Yunnan provincial government spokesman Li Hui said at least 4,000 refugees had returned to Myanmar by the end of the day Monday. About 9,000 remained in seven camps set up to house them in tents and makeshift buildings. The rest are believed to be staying with friends and family, or are staying in hotels, or have left the area.

In addition to the thousands of civilians, hundreds of Kokang rebels fled during the fighting, surrendering their weapons and uniforms to Chinese border police and crossing to safety after several days of skirmishes.

Myanmar’s junta said three days of clashes killed 26 government soldiers and at least eight rebels. It said Sunday night that the fighting had ended and “the region has now regained stability.”

Since abandoning overt support for anti-government rebels two decades ago, China has built strong relations with Myanmar’s ruling junta while Chinese investors, traders, and shopkeepers have swarmed into the country’s northeast.

The relationship has thrived through a tacit agreement under which Beijing provides economic opportunities and diplomatic support for the generals, who have been isolated internationally and face widespread condemnation over their human rights record and economic mismanagement.

In return, the generals ensured access to the country’s mineral wealth and tried to address China’s concerns over narcotics and unrest.

China’s Foreign Ministry had no comment on the situation Monday, and Chinese government-backed scholars dismissed the notion of a major rupture in ties.

“China will develop friendly relations with Myanmar taking the overall situation into consideration,” said Ma Ying, a professor at the Shanghai Institute of Foreign Studies.

But the clashes could threaten China’s traditional arrangement with Myanmar, analysts say.

The conflict highlights the “imperviousness of the Burmese regime to international opinion, and the limitations of even China … to have much influence in a crunch,” said Sean Turnell, a Myanmar expert at Australia’s Macquarie University.

Associated Press Writer Ambika Ahuja in Bangkok contributed to this report.

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

August 31, 2009 at 6:26 pm

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Written by Lwin Aung Soe

August 31, 2009 at 11:15 am

World focus on Burma (31-8-2009)

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AGI – Agenzia Giornalistica Italia – ‎

(AGI) – Rangoon, 31 August – Aung San Suu Kyi will soon be having re-building work done on her house on the outskirts of Yangon, the ancient Burmese capital …

Myanmar refugees begin to return home from China

The Associated Press – Han Guan – ‎

Myanmar is also known as Burma. More than 30000 civilian refugees had streamed into China to escape the fighting, which broke out last week after hundreds …

Burmese Refugees Warily Leave China

NTDTV – Li Xiaoquan – ‎

Burmese refugees are returning home today after weeks of intense battling between government forces and a local militia. Refugees say their biggest concern …

Fighting abates as Kokang Army splits – ‎

… the New Light of Myanmar. But Aung Kyaw Zaw, a Sino-Burma based observer said while heavy fighting had ceased, sporadic battles between the two sides …

Border Guard Force plan leads to end of ceasefire

ReliefWeb (press release) – Wai Moe

It’s failure prompted the SPDC to send thousands of troops to northeast Burma and led to the armed clashes that ended a two-decade ceasefire. …

Junta sends major reinforcements to Shan State

ReliefWeb (press release) – Yan Naing

The troop movements have come despite a report in the Burmese state newspaper, The New Light of Myanmar, on Monday that said fighting in Kokang areas in …

Magsaysay awardees inspire hope–Zobel

Manila Times – Angelo Cantera

Myanmar’s Ka Hsaw Wa was awarded for “dauntlessly pursuing nonviolent yet effective channels of redress, exposure and education for the defense of human …

UN leader defends leadership style amid criticism

The Associated Press – Doug Mellgren

… wrote that Ban and the United Nations were “notable by their absence” in many of the crises facing the world, such as in Myanmar, formerly called Burma. …

Myanmar illegals located inside truck in border region

ANA – ‎‎

Seventy illegal immigrants, most from Myanmar (Burma), were detected in truck that had just entered Greece on Monday and was traveling in the extreme …

Junta briefs KIO on Kokang war –

… clashes between the junta’s forces and the Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army (MNDAA), 11 were killed and 31 injured on the Burmese…

Army’s side.

UN Chief Defends Leadership Style, Citing Efforts in Myanmar

Bloomberg – Josiane Kremer, Marianne Stigset

Ban persuaded the junta in Myanmar, formerly known as Burma, to accept international aid last year in the wake of the cyclone, which killed about 138000 …

Name-change challenge

Sydney Morning Herald – Fiona Parker – ‎‎

A few years ago, newsreaders stopped saying Burma and started saying ”Myanmar”, because it was supposedly closer to the true Burmese name and the …

Zoo life harmful to elephants: Research – Jordana Huber

… living in European zoos have approximately half the average life span of elephants born into the logging industry in Myanmar, formerly known as Burma. …

Myanmar activist among Magsaysay award winners

MSN Philippines News – ‎‎

… and education for the defence of human rights, the environment and democracy in Burma”, the awards committee said, using the old name for Myanmar. …

Magsaysay awardees

Jakarta Post –

From left are Krisana Kraisintu, Deep Joshi of India, Yu Xiaogang of China, Antonio Oposa Jr. of the Philippines, Ma Jun of China, and Ka Hsaw Wa of Myanmar …

Suu Kyi to boost house security

BBC News –

Burmese opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi intends to renovate her house to stop intruders, after a US man’s visit led to her house arrest being extended. …

UN leader defends leadership style amid criticism – Doug Mellgren

… wrote that Ban and the United Nations were “notable by their absence” in many of the crises facing the world, such as in Myanmar, formerly called Burma. …

Economic crisis hits Myanmar’s migrant women

Asia Times Online – Marwaan Macan-Markar

BANGKOK – The global financial crisis threatens to shred the dreams of thousands of women from Myanmar who have fled their …

Myanmar opposition leader Suu Kyi to renovate home-cum-prison

Monsters and –

No renovation work has been done on the house since Suu Kyi began living there in 1988, when she returned top Myanmar, also called Burma, after spending …

Weapons Seizure Turns Spotlight Onto Two Rogue States – Patrick Goodenough – ‎

… in 2007 and the suspected program in Myanmar [Burma], there is little doubt that North Korea is a key supporter of illicit nuclear programs,” it said. …

Myanmar’s Suu Kyi to renovate home to stop trespassers

AFP – ‎

YANGON — Myanmar’s detained opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi plans to renovate her crumbling lakeside home to keep out trespassers, her lawyer said Monday …

Letters: Suu Kyi’s participation in elections

Jakarta Post –

Aung San Suu Kyi never stood for the any election in Myanmar because she was not eligible to contest a seat. It was not this present military government or …

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

August 31, 2009 at 3:57 am