Save Burma

ျပည္သူေတြဆီမွာ လြတ္လပ္မႈနဲ႔ တန္းတူညီမွ်မႈ အရင္ဆံုး ရွိေနမွ ဒီမိုိကေရစီ စံႏႈန္းရွိတာ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။

Archive for October 2009

“ ေအာင္သန္း၏ ေအာင္ဆန္း ” စာအုပ္ (online link)

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“ ေအာင္သန္း၏ ေအာင္ဆန္း ” စာအုပ္ကို ဖတ္ရႈေလ့လာလိုသူမ်ားအတြက္ သတင္းေကာင္း ေပးလိုက္ပါတယ္။

ျမန္မာ့ သတင္းဆက္သြယ္ေရး နည္းပညာအဖြဲ႔ ဘေလာ့ဂ္မွ တင္ျပထားပါတယ္။ PDF နဲ႔ စာမ်က္ႏွာ (၃၉၅) ထိ ရွိပါတယ္။ မူရင္းဘေလာ့ဂ္သို႔ သြားေရာက္ဖို႔ ဒီလင့္ခ္ကို ႏွိပ္လိုက္ပါ။

http://www.myanmarisp.com/documents/aungsan/2009-2/eBooks/Aung-San-by-Aung-Than/view

 

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

October 31, 2009 at 10:17 am

စစ္ရာဇဝတ္မႈ (War crime) ဆိုတာ ဘာလဲ

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Download article (PDF) – What is a war crime

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World focus on Burma (31-10-2009)

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Burmese Party Leader: Suu Kyi Expects Meeting With US Officials

Voice of America – ‎

By VOA News A lawyer for Burma’s detained opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi says she has been informed of the upcoming visit of two senior US officials and …

POLITICS: US Mission to Burma Heralds Obama’s New Diplomatic Tack

Inter Press Service – Marwaan Macan-Markar – ‎

BANGKOK, Oct 31 (IPS) – An upcoming mission by senior United States government officials to military- ruled Burma points to …

10 smokers’ paradises: A guide for globe-trotters

Los Angeles Times – ‎

Laos: WHO data were incomplete for Vietnam and Myanmar, also known as Burma — although what we have show strong signs of tobacco use. …

US inches closer to dialogue with junta

Mizzima.com – Larry Jagan – ‎

Reducing Burma’s isolation and easing sanctions is something which the Burmese government now sees as a priority. “Myanmar’s [Burma] government believes …

US Officials to Meet Junta, Opposition Leaders

The Irrawaddy News Magazine – Lawi Weng – ‎

A US delegation led by two senior officials will meet Burma’s pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi and other executive members of the National

Weekly Business Roundup (October 31, 2009)

The Irrawaddy News Magazine – William Boot – ‎

The Chinese government has come under a barrage of petitions asking it to abandon plans to build gas and oil pipelines through Burma. …

In the Neighborhood

Battle Creek Enquirer – ‎

Top Chin-Burmese singers will perform in a concert at 7 pm today to help raise money for the Chin people in Burma, officially called Myanmar, …

Myanmar’s Suu Kyi supports US policy of engagement

The Associated Press –

Assistant Secretary of State Kurt Campbell and a deputy will be in Myanmar, also known as Burma, for a two-day visit beginning Tuesday and are scheduled to …

Prize Catch ! What Next

The Day After – ‎

These anti-India forces are based in Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Burma and even in the Middle East ,Western countries and USA. …

Dominica (pronounced dom-ah-NEE-ka) not to be confused with The Dominican Republic

News dominica – Thomson Fontaine – ‎

Burma changed its name to Myanmar, very few people remember that. Kampuchea became Cambodia. A name change would put us among a unique group of countries …

RIGHTS: Karen Fear Military Offensive Near Planned Dam in Burma

Inter Press Service – Marwaan Macan-Markar

… has been waging Asia’s longest separatist struggle—since 1949—to carve out an independent state for the Karen minority in Burma, also known as Myanmar. …

Burmese Activists Urge Halting Shwe Pipeline Project

NewsBlaze – Nava Thakuria – ‎

The pipeline will be used to pump the oil, shipped from the Middle East and Africa and also the natural gas from the Shwe gas fields of BurmaMyanmar) to … (

Senior US diplomat to visit Myanmar

Xinhua – Mu Xuequan

… Myanmar to comply with its international obligations, including full compliance with the UN Security Council Resolutions of 1874 and 1718. “If Burma …

Flags represent ‘global community’ at New Bern High

ENC Today – Laura Oleniacz

“I didn’t even know myself how many different countries were represented here,” she said, explaining that she has had students from Columbia, Burma, …

Daily Press Briefing

US Department of State – Robert Wood

One other item to mention – this is on Burma. Following a recent policy review, the United States held a senior-level dialogue with representatives of the …

Burma documented by VJs

Common Ground.ca – Robert Alstead – ‎

Opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi has been imprisoned in her house since 1989. Foreign journalists are not allowed in. The media is the enemy. …

2 US Officials to Visit Burma Next Week

Voice of America – ‎

By VOA News The US State Department said Friday that two senior US officials will travel to Burma next week for talks with members of the government and the …

Senior US Diplomats To Travel To Myanmar

WIBW – Elise Labott – ‎

Assistant Secretary Kurt Campbell and his deputy, Scot Marciel, will visit Myanmar — also known as Burma — Tuesday and Wednesday, deputy department …

US officials to travel to Myanmar

Monsters and Critics.com – ‎

US Assistant Secretary of State Kurt Campbell and deputy Scott Marciel will be in Myanmar, also known as Burma, from November 3-4, State Department deputy …

Groups Petition Against Myanmar Pipeline

OfficialWire – ‎

“The escalation of abuses around a project when Burma army soldiers provide security is well documented” by the United Nations and other NGOs, the petition …

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

October 31, 2009 at 5:54 am

World focus on Burma (30-10-2009)

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US to send top envoys to Myanmar next week: official

AFP – ‎

WASHINGTON — Two senior US officials will travel to Myanmar next week in the latest move by President Barack Obama’s administration to engage the reclusive …

More to Burma than Aung San Suu Kyi

guardian.co.uk – ‎

As the most senior level US delegation to visit Burma in decades is soon to touch down, it is worth reminding ourselves of the many problems in Burma that …

Myanmar: INGO office attacked after Arakanese nurse harassed

ReliefWeb (press release) – Wai Moe

On Friday afternoon, NGOs and UN agencies operating in Burma held a meeting to discuss the incident at the office of the United Nations High Commission for …

Myanmar Junta Arrests Journos And Activists

Air America – Ron Mwangaguhunga – ‎

“This is an important opportunity for the government in Burma to demonstrate that it respects its own laws and its own people.” Myanmar…

was–along with the

US to Send Highest-Level Official to Myanmar in 14 Years

Bloomberg – Janine Zacharia – ‎

Oct. 30 (Bloomberg) — Kurt Campbell, a top State Department official for Asia, will travel to Myanmar next week to hold talks with the …

Eastern Burma: another Darfur?

Mizzima.com – ‎

… to bring stability as it will have no credibility without the release of political prisoners including Aung San Suu Kyi and allow their participation. …

Refugee swell sparks clinic funding crisis

ReliefWeb (press release) – Francis Wade

… to have almost three times as many years of education, and to spend and save eight times as much as someone born in neighbouring MyanmarBurma]”, … [

Myanmar arrests journalists, activists in crackdown

Reuters – Aung Hla Tun, Jason Szep – ‎

“Burma’s military government claims to be moving toward democracy, yet it continues to routinely arrest and detain journalists,” Shawn Crispin, …

U2 finishes tour with sold-out Vancouver show

CTV.ca – ‎

… Archbishop Desmond Tutu, and gave shout-outs to Burmese dissident Aung San Suu Kyi, and even a happy birthday to the world’s richest man, Bill Gates. …

Burma: Opposition Leader Unhappy About Visitor Restrictions

UNPO – ‎

Detained Burma opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi is unhappy about restrictions on the visitors she is allowed under house arrest, including members of her …

We need to push forward reform process: PM

India Business Blog (blog) – ‎

India asks Myanmar to expedite their political reform New Delhi, Aug 11 (ANI): Following the conviction of Burma’s pro-democracy leader Daw Aung San Suu Kyi …

Burma: Authorities Detain Freelance Journalist

UNPO –

According to the exile-run Web site Mizzima, Pai Soe Oo is a former reporter with the Favorite and Pyi Myanmar weekly news publications as well as a blogger …

Include NLD, Ethnic Minorities in Dialogue: US Sen

The Irrawaddy News Magazine – Lalit K Jha

“According to news reports, in July of this year, just weeks before the unveiling of the new Burma policy, the state department at the highest levels …

Aung San Suu Kyi

DeHavilland (press release) (subscription) – ‎

It is not yet clear whether these terms will be honoured in full by the Burmese authorities, but our ambassador to Burma, as local EU presidency, …

Protesters call for suspension of China-Myanmar pipeline venture

Prdomain Business Register (press release) – ‎

The project starts at Kyauk Phyu, a major city in western Myanmar’s…

Rakhine State, running through the central city of Mandalay to Ruili, in China’s Yunnan

It’s orchestrated showmanship, but still spectacular

Globe and Mail – Marsha Lederman – ‎

There was also a tribute to Burmese political prisoner Aung San Suu Kyi, for whom Bono wrote the song Walk On. The sound was inconsistent, not surprising …

Thai Rath columnist Mae Lookjan:

Bangkok Post –

… of import tax among the 10 member countries, the Thai-Philippine rice tariff, free investment regulations, and the fate of Burma’s Aung San Suu Kyi. …

Chinese energy delegation in town

Mizzima.com – Moe Thu

Rangoon (Mizzima) – A Chinese delegation arrived in Rangoon yesterday to discuss the gas pipeline project, which is to link western Burma’s …

Burmese Activists urge to halt Shwe Pipeline Project

Narinjara News – ‎

The pipeline will be used to pump the oil, shipped from the Middle East and Africa and also the natural gas from the Shwe gas fields of BurmaMyanmar) to … (

Review ties with Myanmar: Experts

Express Buzz – ‎

Experts expressed concern that China’s naval presence in Burma may allow it to interdict regional sea-lanes of communication. While Koshy stressed the need …

Protesters call for suspension of China-Myanmar pipeline venture

Alibaba News Channel – Zuo Xuan

The project starts at Kyauk Phyu, a major city in western Myanmar’s…

Rakhine State, running through the central city of Mandalay to Ruili, in China’s Yunnan

Indian Ocean great power confrontation, geo-politics of the Sri Lankan civil war

Sri Lanka Guardian (blog) – Mahdi Darius

Myanmar (Burma) is also part of this project and in many cases the pressure on the governments in both states is linked to their agreements to build Chinese …

HALLOWEEN PICTURES: Spooky Species Discovered This Year

National Geographic –

The fangs of D. dracula–discovered in March 2009 in MyanmarBurma)–aren’t actually true teeth. The line of fish that gave rise to the ghoulish species is … (

Alameda City Briefs

Alameda Times-Star – ‎

Thailand and Myanmar (formerly Burma) are neighboring countries that are approximately the same size in area and population and have many cultural features …

Burmese authorities detain freelance journalist

CPJ Press Freedom Online – ‎

According to the exile-run Web site Mizzima, Pai Soe Oo is a former reporter with the Favorite and Pyi Myanmar weekly news publications as well as a blogger …

Groups petition against Myanmar pipeline

United Press International –

“The escalation of abuses around a project when Burma army soldiers provide security is well documented” by the United Nations and other ngos, the petition …

Tooth Relic exposition for Myanmar President

Daily Mirror –

By LB Senaratne A special exposition of the Sacred Tooth Relic is expected to be held for a few hours for the President of Myanmar (former Burma), …

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

October 30, 2009 at 5:28 am

Posted in World Focus on Burma

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Mae Tao Clinic Funding Crisis

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Mae Tao Clinic Bulletin

Posted by Eileen Kilgour

Letter from Dr Cynthia about the current funding crisis, please read and get involved. I visited with her two weeks ago and the crisis is real and needs funding. Any ideas welcome and please follow the advice below.

Eileen

October 27th, 2009

Dear Friends,

We are writing to ask for your help.

The Mae Tao Clinic is struggling with a major funding crisis. This year, attacks on ethnic areas in Burma added even more patients to our ever growing caseload and forced a stream of displaced people, including orphans and unaccompanied children, over the border in search of food, shelter and education.

Feeding and caring for these children is our greatest challenge, especially as food prices rise. The clinic school (CDC) enrolled nearly 1,000 students this year. More than 450 of the children live in the five CDC school boarding houses or under staff guardianship, a 60 percent increase over the last 2 years. The clinic also feeds 2,143 students every day through the Emergency Dry Food program in boarding houses.

The Mae Tao Clinic has lost major funding even as our patient caseload swells past 141,000, an almost 25 percent increase in a year. A government donor, one of our longtime and largest supporters, can no longer fund us because of change to government policy, ending funding for Burma. Another has reduced its funding by 75 percent this year and may discontinue funds next year. A three-year project which covers a significant portion of MTC’s running costs stops in 2010. Another major donor, reeling the financial crisis, is reducing funds by 20 percent.

We estimate a shortfall of about US$350,000 in 2009 and US$750,000 in 2010. That’s a quarter of our operating budget.

We need your help—and donations!—to get through the end of this year. We also seek your ideas and connections to organizations and foundation to help us secure funding for 2010 and beyond.

Those who have visited know the clinic welcomes everyone as part of our community: orphaned children, physicians, wounded soldiers, lawyers and teachers, factory workers, physical therapists, malaria patients, countless volunteers–all of us wanting to heal and be healed.

With your help, we can get through this together. The challenging economy calls for creative solutions! We’ve created a menu of different options so everyone can be involved.

• We need large donations to cover the 2009 shortfall. If you’re in good financial health, please consider a donation of $10,000 or more and invite others in your financial circle to learn about the clinic’s meaningful work. If a major donation is not possible, please consider connecting us with friends, relatives or other community members who might help.
• Individuals can donate via http://www.maetaoclinic.org/donate (tax deductible)– and multiply your impact by circulating this request to friends, family and professional organizations.
• Make a contribution of any amount and consider challenging friends to match it. Consider reconnecting with friends you met at the clinic and honor that experience by donating.
• Consider Mae Tao Clinic donations for birthday, Christmas, anniversary and holiday wish lists, wedding registries and as part of your social networking.
• If you aren’t in a position to donate but can assist with fund raising, contact michellekatics@gmail.com We will send you an idea kit for fundraising activities in your community.
• Donate AND fund raise. Terrific! We’ll send you the Idea Kit! Contact: michellekatics@gmail.com
• Referrals and connections to foundations, organizations and institutional donors can be sent to Lisa at win7@loxinfo.co.th who will take forward proposals for funding.

We know this is extremely short notice, and we appreciate that you may be facing your own challenges resulting from the economic downturn. We welcome whatever resources you can share—referrals, time, ideas, good spirit. We are grateful for whatever you are able to give.

Peace and warm wishes to you and your family.

Sincerely,

Dr Cynthia Maung
Director of Mae Tao Clinic

Eileen Kilgour

………………………

This is the full copy from Burma Digest.

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

October 30, 2009 at 1:25 am

World focus on Burma (29-10-2009)

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Suu Kyi ‘Keenly Monitoring’ Campbell Visit

The Irrawaddy News Magazine – Wai Moe, Ko Htwe – ‎

Burma’s pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi said that she is keenly monitoring the planned visit to Burma of a US delegation to be …

Nobel Laureates call for action on Burma

Mizzima.com –

Williams, who in February 2003 was allowed a rare meeting with Aung San Suu Kyi, said the regime must prove their words by setting the Burmese democracy …

ASEAN leaders allow Burma to get off scot-free

Mizzima.com – Larry Jagan

“Myanmar’s [Burma’s] government believes that Aung San Suu Kyi seems to have softened her attitude towards the authorities,” said the Japanese spokesperson …

Burma: Joint letter to Japanese Justice Minister and Foreign Minister on Rohingya

ReliefWeb (press release) – Keiko Chiba

We write to you urging prompt protection for Rohingya asylum seekers from Burma. Several aspects of Japan’s current policy on refugee protection fail to …

‘Jungle girl’ gives voice to oppressed

National Post – Peter Goodspeed

Zoya Phan may be destined to become as famous as Burma’s detained opposition leader, Aung San Suu Kyi. The tiny, soft-spoken refugee is rapidly becoming the …

Myanmar sees Suu Kyi’s role in political process

Peninsula On-line – ‎

BANGKOK: Myanmar’s prime minister told Asian leaders last week that the ruling junta sees a role for democracy icon Aung San Suu Kyi in fostering …

NLD re-circulates disciplinary regulation

Mizzima.com – ‎

Thus this issue will be discussed and decided when CEC meets party General Secretary Daw Aung San Suu Kyi or take necessary actions and resolutions when the …

Mission From Burma

See Magazine – Luke De Smet – ‎

In late September of 2007, tens of thousands of people, led by thousands of monks, took to the streets of Rangoon, Burma (or Yangon, Myanmar, depending on …

Japan: Protect Burmese Rohingya Seeking Asylum

Reuters AlertNet – ‎

(Tokyo) – Japan’s new administration should protect Burmese Rohingya asylum seekers in Japan and press Burma to end abuses against the minority group, …

Speakers in Third Committee draw links between fight to secure human rights …

ReliefWeb (press release) – ‎

He condemned the conviction of Aung San Suu Kyi and welcomed the recent contact between her and the Government of Myanmar. Australia urged genuine dialogue. …

Thai-Cambodian Tension Tests Claims of Regional Peace

The Irrawaddy News Magazine – Marwaan Macan-Markar – ‎

Asean, which has just become a new rules-based unified entity, includes Brunei, Burma (or Myanmar), Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and …

Amnesty International Raises Burma Awareness

PC The Cowl – Allison O’Connor

The event included a screening of a documentary entitled Crossing Midnight, which tells the tale of health care workers in eastern Myanmar, or Burma. …

AHRC: Burma Using Torture in Criminal Cases

Scoop.co.nz (press release) –

The courts in Myanmar have no effective authority over other parts of government and are used as an arm of the executive to obtain what it wants. …

Stuck in a Moment: U2 at the Rose Bowl

LA Weekly – Randall Roberts – ‎

“Walk On,” which Bono dedicated to imprisoned Burmese Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi, was inspiring in all the right ways. “Where the Streets Have No Name” …

Is Burma softening its stance?

BBC News – Alastair Leithead

There seemed little hope of progress in August, when Burmese pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi, known as The Lady, had her house arrest extended by 18 …

Iran proves itself an enemy of humanitarian efforts

TCU Daily Skiff – Matt Boaz – ‎

Myanmar officials recently arrested a rogue US civilian for his attempt to ‘rescue’ a pro-democracy leader, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, while she was under house …

Obama signs bill requiring submission of report on N. Korea’s terrorism

Yonhap News – Hwang Doo-hyong – ‎

US officials, however, have raised fresh concerns over North Korea’s alleged nuclear and missile technology transfer to Myanmar, formerly Burma. …

Statement by Nobel Peace Laureates on 50 years of Tibetan Exile

Tibetan Culture & News Online – ‎

Burma’s regional neighbors should ask the government of Burma to release Aung San Suu Kyi and all political prisoners and engage in a process of inclusive

Playing at the Metro

VUE Weekly – ‎

In the process, Aung San Suu Kyi became a national icon, leading the National League for Democracy to be elected shortly after, though there was a refusal …

A glimmer of light for Burma

Gulf Times – Simon Tisdall

Cautious optimism expressed by Asian leaders at the weekend that the situation of isolated, benighted Burma is taking a turn for the …

asean’s act is far from together

The Japan Times – Manuel J. Laserna Jr

… of Southeast Asian Nations when it comes to substantive and procedural human rights issues involving member states, especially Burma (aka Myanmar). …

Fallon – Burma (human rights)

DeHavilland (press release) (subscription) – ‎

EU sanctions have been in place against Burma since 1996, but following the sentence imposed on Aung San Suu Kyi on 11 August this year, the EU agreed to a …

Spat over Rice Tariffs Stalls Trade Talks at ASEAN Summit

Bridges Weekly Trade News Digest –

… it said about upholding ‘human dignity,’ it could mention the plight of Aung San Suu Kyi, the jailed opposition leader who is still under house arrest. …

Myanmar nationals protest against Chinese gas pipeline project

India Business Blog (blog) – ‎‎

“Today we are gathering here to protest against the Chinese government’s involvement in Human Rights violations in Burma. The Chinese company CNPC. …

Philippines: Protest Against China Oil & Gas Exploration in Burma

NTDTV –

Around two dozen activists rallied in front of the Chinese consulate in Manila today to protest against a Chinese oil and gas project in Burma. …

Orlando Bloom and David Beckham Among Celebrities in VIP Section at U2 Show in …

Beanstockd – ‎‎

The mask, handed out by U2, is Aung San Suu Kyi. She’s a wrongfully imprisoned pro-democracy leader in Burma. That’s the same country whose leaders dragged …

ERI Reports on Yadana Project in Burma Receive Unprecedented Attention and …

Earthrights.org – ‎

… that link the oil giants Total and Chevron to forced labor, killings, high-level corruption and authoritarianism in military-ruled Burma (Myanmar). …

Campaigners exhort China to halt pipeline project

Mizzima.com –

by Mizzima News New Delhi (Mizzima) – Severe human rights violations and internal instability stares military-ruled Burma in the face, as the regime …

Rights Groups Call for China to Halt Construction of Pipeline in Burma

Voice of America – Ron Corben – ‎

Human-rights groups are calling on China’s government to halt its investment in a multi-million-dollar gas project in Burma over fears of …

44th President awarded 2009 Nobel Prize, but has he done enough?

Le Provacteur (subscription) – Pat McDonald – ‎

… just like Aung San Suu Kyi, the former Burmese Prime Minister who was overthrown by the military junta and has spent 14 years under house arrest and …

Chatting With Katie Cincotta ’09: Amnesty International President

Fairfield Mirror – Courtney Kern

The first was the case of Aung San Suu Kyi, a Burmese woman who has been under house arrest for about 13 of the past 19 years. She was imprisoned without a …

Nargis volunteers, including reporter arrested

Mizzima.com – ‎

Pai Soe Oo is a former reporter of ‘Favorite’ and ‘Pyi Myanmar’ weeklies. He is also a blogger. The Lin Let Kye volunteer group was formed in early May 2008 …

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

October 29, 2009 at 1:25 pm

World focus on Burma (28-10-2009)

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Myanmar nationals protest against Chinese gas pipeline project

Sify –

“Today we are gathering here to protest against the Chinese government’s involvement in Human Rights violations in Burma. The Chinese company CNPC. …

Rohingyas Forced to Work on Border Fence

The Irrawaddy News Magazine – Lawi Weng – ‎‎

Burmese junta troops force 200 Rohingyas to build a wire fence on the Bangladesh-Burmese border in Burma’s northern Arakan State each day. …

Rohingya suffer in Bangladesh camps

Aljazeera.net –

The construction of a barbed wire fence along Myanmar’s border with Bangladesh has only increased the suffering of the Muslim Rohingya minority. …

UN expert tells Third Committee no state free from human rights violations …

ReliefWeb (press release) – ‎

He then began discussing the situation of human rights in Myanmar, calling it ” Burma”, upon which the Chair reminded him to refer to countries by their …

How Australia Can Take the Lead In Engaging Burma’s Brutal Regime

Jakarta Globe – David Scott Mathieson – ‎

These individuals are at the apex of the system inside Burma and susceptible to this kind of pressure. In a letter sent by Suu Kyi to President Than Shwe on …

Youth conference condemns junta, urges Suu Kyi’s release

Mizzima.com – ‎

We also called on the military regime to release Aung San Suu Kyi immediately,” Murugun, General Secretary of AIYF, told Mizzima on Wednesday. …

NLD Elder Holds Out for Constitutional Review

The Irrawaddy News Magazine – ‎

Daw Aung San Suu Kyi also asked the US to engage with both sides. Whatever Snr-Gen Than Shwe says, I expect the US policy will open a way for relations with …

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

October 28, 2009 at 12:41 pm

Profile: Radovan Karadzic

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Profile: Radovan Karadzic

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/8322507.stm

BBC – Page last updated at 12:08 GMT, Monday, 26 October 2009

Radovan Karadzic in 1992 (left) and in a photo released on 22 July 2008

Radovan Karadzic is accused of having direct responsibility for the worst atrocities of the Bosnian war – which have been described as the worst crimes committed in Europe since World War II.

The 2008 arrest of the former Bosnian Serb leader came after he spent nearly 13 years on the run – during which time Serbia came under increasing international pressure to catch him.

He was eventually found living disguised, under a false name and working as a New Age healer in Belgrade in July 2008. A bushy grey beard and thick glasses had transformed his appearance.

He was arrested and handed over to the UN’s International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) in The Hague.

Accused of leading the slaughter of thousands of Bosnian Muslims (Bosniaks) and Croats, he faces 11 counts of genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity and other atrocities in the Bosnian war of the 1990s.

When he first appeared before the tribunal in August 2008, Mr Karadzic failed to respond to the charges against him and the court entered pleas of not guilty on his behalf.

The 64-year-old, who is defending himself, tried to delay his trial’s 26 October start date, saying he had not had enough time to prepare. He boycotted the opening of his trial.

The court’s judges asked the prosecution to abbreviate the original charge-sheet, which Mr Karadzic said amounted to more than one million pages of testimony.

He had previously refused to recognise the legitimacy of the court, calling it a “bastardised judicial system” and an instrument of Nato, whose sole intention was to “liquidate” him.

Protected in hiding

The UN says Mr Karadzic’s forces killed at least 7,500 Muslim men and boys from Srebrenica in July 1995 as part of a campaign to “terrorise and demoralise the Bosnian Muslim and Bosnian Croat population”.

He is also accused of orchestrating the shelling of Sarajevo, and the use of 284 UN peacekeepers as human shields in May and June 1995.

After the Dayton accord that ended the Bosnian war, the former nationalist president went into hiding – possibly in the mountainous south-eastern area of the Serb-controlled part of Bosnia, protected by paramilitaries.

Mr Karadzic says Dayton’s chief architect, US diplomat Richard Holbrooke, promised him immunity from prosecution in exchange for quitting the political scene. Mr Holbrooke denies any such deal was struck.

International pressure to capture Mr Karadzic mounted in spring 2005, when several of his former generals surrendered, and a video of Bosnian Serb soldiers shooting captives from Srebrenica shocked television viewers in former Yugoslavia.

Belgrade announced several arrests in connection with the video, which was first shown during the war crimes trial of former Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic.

In early 2007, Nato troops in Bosnia-Hercegovina raided the homes of Mr Karadzic’s children, saying they believed Sasa and Sonja Karadzic to be part of a network supporting their father.

‘Head of state’

Mr Karadzic was born in 1945 in a stable in Savnik, Montenegro.

His father, Vuk, had been a member of the Chetniks – Serb nationalist guerrillas who fought against both Nazi occupiers and Tito’s communist partisans in World War II – and was in jail for much of his son’s childhood.

His mother, Jovanka Karadzic, described her son as loyal, and a hard worker who used to help her in the home and in the fields. She said he was a serious boy who was respectful towards the elderly and helped his school friends with their homework.

In 1960 he moved to Sarajevo, where he later met his wife, Ljiljana, graduated as a doctor, and became a psychiatrist in a city hospital.

He also became a poet and fell under the influence of the Serb nationalist writer Dobrica Cosic, who encouraged him to go into politics.

Years later, after working briefly for the Green Party, he helped set up the Serbian Democratic Party (SDS) – formed in 1990 in response to the rise of nationalist and Croat parties in Bosnia, and dedicated to the goal of a Greater Serbia.

Less than two years later, as Bosnia-Hercegovina gained recognition as an independent state, he declared the creation of the independent Serbian Republic of Bosnia and Hercegovina (later renamed Republika Srpska) with its capital in Pale, a suburb of Sarajevo, and himself as head of state.

Mr Karadzic’s party, supported by Serbian leader Slobodan Milosevic, organised Serbs to fight against the Bosniaks and Croats in Bosnia.

A vicious war ensued, in which Serbs besieged Sarajevo for 43 months, shelling Bosniak forces but also terrorising the civilian population with a relentless bombardment and sniper fire. Thousands of civilians died, many of them deliberately targeted.

Bosnian Serb forces – assisted by paramilitaries from Serbia proper – also expelled hundreds of thousands of Bosniaks and Croats from their homes in a brutal campaign of “ethnic cleansing”. Numerous atrocities were documented, including the widespread rape of Bosniak women and girls.

Reporters also discovered Bosnian Serb punishment camps, where prisoners-of-war were starved and tortured.

War crimes were also committed against Serb civilians by the Bosnian Serbs’ foes in the bitter inter-ethnic war – Europe’s bloodiest since World War II.

Mr Karadzic was jointly indicted in 1995 along with the Bosnian Serb military leader, Ratko Mladic, for alleged war crimes they committed during the 1992-95 war.

He was obliged to step down as president of the SDS in 1996 as the West threatened sanctions against Republika Srpska, and later went into hiding.

While on the run, he managed to get a book published in October 2004 by a former associate, Miroslav Toholj. Miraculous Chronicles of the Night, set in 1980s Yugoslavia, tells the story of a man jailed by mistake after the death of former Yugoslav strongman Josip Broz Tito.

In May 2005, investigators reported two separate sightings of Radovan Karadzic – allegedly with his wife Ljiljana in south-eastern Bosnia and then with his brother Luka in Belgrade – as his mother was dying of cancer in Niksic, Montenegro.

KARADZIC’S CV
1945: Born in Montenegro
1960: Moves to Sarajevo
1968: Publishes collection of poetry
1971: Graduates in medicine
1983: Becomes team psychologist for Red Star Belgrade football club
1990: Becomes president of SDS party
1992-1995: Bosnian war
2008: Arrested in Serbia
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More from BBC on Radovan Karadzic
KARADZIC AT THE HAGUE

What is a war crime?
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Written by Lwin Aung Soe

October 28, 2009 at 3:49 am

Posted in Varieties in English

Tagged with

Video: Prosecutors begin Karadzic trial – 28 Oct 09

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Video: Prosecutors begin Karadzic trial – 28 Oct 09

Al Jazeera

Karadzic ‘led ethnic cleansing’

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/8327210.stm

BBC

Page last updated at 17:28 GMT, Tuesday, 27 October 200

Prosecutors at the genocide and war crimes trial of ex-Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic have branded him the leader of an ethnic cleansing campaign.

The court ruled the trial in The Hague could resume despite Mr Karadzic boycotting it for a second day.

In opening remarks, prosecutors said Mr Karadzic had “harnessed the forces of nationalism, hatred and fear” to pursue his vision of a state without Muslims.

Mr Karadzic denies all charges, which relate to the Bosnian war of the 1990s.

The former Bosnian Serb leader, who is representing himself at the trial, says he still needs at least nine months to prepare his defence.

Separately, former Bosnian Serb President Biljana Plavsic – convicted of war crimes – has been released.

Plavsic was the highest ranking official from the former Yugoslavia to have pleaded guilty for her part in the Bosnian War. She was sentenced in 2003 to 11 years in a Swedish jail.

But a Swedish court has allowed her early release for good behaviour.

‘Hatred and fear’

At The Hague, Mr Karadzic, 64, faces two charges of genocide and nine more of war crimes and crimes against humanity.

The former president of Republika Srpska, head of the Serbian Democratic Party (SDS) and commander of the Bosnian Serb Army has refused to enter pleas, but has said he will co-operate with the court to prove his innocence.

In opening remarks at his trial, the prosecution labelled him the “undisputed leader” of Serbs responsible for carrying out atrocities during the 1992-1995 conflict.

“This case is about that supreme commander, a man who harnessed the forces of nationalism, hatred and fear to implement his vision of an ethnically separated Bosnia: Radovan Karadzic,” prosecutor Alain Tieger said.

Mr Karadzic had “ethnically cleansed vast portions of Bosnia and Hercegovina” during the war, Mr Tieger said, describing him as a “hands-on leader who maintained direct contact”.

“In the course of conquering the territory that he claimed for the Serbs, his forces killed thousands of Bosnian Muslims and Croats, imprisoned thousands more in squalid and brutal camps and detention facilities, and forced hundreds of thousands away from their homes,” the prosecutor said.

Mr Tieger said that as well as witness testimony, some of the evidence against Mr Karadzic would come from intercepts of his own phone calls and transcripts of his speeches.

He quoted Mr Karadzic as saying before the war that Serb forces would turn the Bosnian capital, Sarajevo, into “a black cauldron, where 300,000 Muslims will die”.

Mr Tieger said witnesses who survived the long siege of Sarajevo would describe living “in constant fear, day after day, for years, knowing that they or their loved ones were targets”.

Empty chair

Announcing the court’s decision to proceed in his absence, Judge O-Gon Kwon said Mr Karadzic had chosen not to exercise his right to be present and “must therefore accept the consequences”.

He said the court would consider imposing a lawyer to represent Mr Karadzic if he continues to boycott proceedings.

Mr Karadzic is not due to give his opening argument until next week.

His legal counsel in Belgrade said he would reject any counsel imposed by the court.

Another of his legal advisers, Kevin Jon Heller, said that from the scope of the trial – thought to include 1.2 million pages of evidence, numerous crime scenes and hundreds of witness – it was understandable why Mr Karadzic, who is not a trained lawyer, had stayed away.

Mr Karadzic was taken to the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) in The Hague last year, after 13 years in hiding.

He was indicted in 1995 on two counts of genocide and a multitude of other crimes committed against Bosnian Muslim, Bosnian Croat and other non-Serb civilians during the 1992-1995 war, which left more than 100,000 people dead.

The charges relate to several events, including the campaign of shelling and sniper attacks on Sarajevo during the 44-month siege of the city, in which some 12,000 civilians died.

Mr Karadzic is also accused of being behind the massacre of more than 7,000 Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) men and youths in Srebrenica in July 1995, and of attacks on more than a dozen Bosnian municipalities in the early stages of the war.

He faces a maximum sentence of life in prison if convicted.

Correspondents say the judges want to complete the trial by 2012, conscious that the trial of former Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic ended without a verdict after four years when he died in custody.

Prosecutors have abbreviated the scale of their case, and will call fewer witnesses and include alleged crimes in fewer locations.

………………………………..

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

October 28, 2009 at 3:39 am

World focus on Burma (27-10-2009)

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Over 300 Australian women express support for Suu Kyi

Mizzima.com – ‎

“They spoke about Burma, Aung San Suu Kyi and how the people are suffering,” Joel Betts, director of Won Group told Mizzima on Tuesday. …

Bipartisan backing for Aung San Suu Kyi

The Australian – Joe Kelly

… together on the steps of the Sydney Opera House in a show of support for Burma’s detained pro-democracy leader and Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi. …

Wives ignore party divide to support Suu Kyi

The Age – Brendan Nicholson, Peter Hawkins – ‎‎

”The Australian people, and the women of Australia in particular, want to send a message today to Aung San Suu Kyi and to the people of Burma on whose …

Playing the Suu Kyi Card

The Irrawaddy News Magazine – Wai Moe – ‎

… Burmese Prime Minister Gen Thein Sein told heads of state that Burma’s pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi has a role to play in the country’s …

Lithuania – Troika of the Community of Democracies appeals to Burma/Myanmar to …

ISRIA – ‎

In the statement, the Troika of the Community of Democracies urges the regime of Burma/Myanmar to immediately release Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and other …

Burmese Dissidents, Activists Unhappy with Hun Sen

The Irrawaddy News Magazine – Yan Naing

“There is no reason to compare Thaksin and Daw Aung San Suu Kyi,” he said. “As a prime minister, Hun Sen must know that these two persons are different. …

Too Soon for Optimism

The Irrawaddy News Magazine – ‎

By YENI Burmese Prime Minister Gen Thein Sein told Asian leaders at a Thailand summit that the detained pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi can contribute …

Where are asean’s moral values?

United Press International, Asia – Zin Linn – ‎‎

Burma’s Prime Minister Thein Sein told his Asian counterparts on Oct. 24 that the ruling junta could relax the conditions of democracy icon Aung San Suu …

As ASEAN dithers, the US circles

Asia Times Online – Simon Roughneen

The country, known also as Burma, received a mere two-line mention in the final ASEAN chair’s statement. This despite pro-democracy Aung San Suu Kyi being …

Hundreds rally for Suu Kyi

Special Broadcasting Service – ‎‎

The wives of Kevin Rudd and Malcolm Turnbull have united, throwing their support behind Burma’s pro democracy leader, Aung San Suu Kyi. …

25 percent of Shan families forcibly relocated

ReliefWeb (press release) – Francis Wade – ‎

While much of the rhetoric surrounding the policy shift has focused on Aung San Suu Kyi and Burma’s 2100 political prisoners, Beyrer said that attacks on …

Dig deep for inspirational athletes, urges Rein

ABC Online – ‎

And earlier this week, she featured in media coverage for a breast cancer campaign and for the plight of Burmese opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi. …

Day in Pictures, Oct. 27

Fort Worth Star Telegram – ‎

AP Photo/Christof Stache Australian women gather to show support for the freedom of BurmeseAung San Suu Kyi at the Sydney Opera House in … democracy figure

Chavalit is only a messenger

Bangkok Post – ‎

… and come clean on his belief that his friend has been victimised, in the manner of the democracy advocate Aung San Suu Kyi of Burma. …

PRESS DIGEST-Australian General News – Oct 28

Interactive Investor – ‎

Therese Rein and Lucy Turnbull yesterday united in a show of support for Burma’s detained pro-democracy leader and Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi. …

Engaging Burma

Voice of America – ‎

… for Democracy, Aung San Suu Kyi and others. After almost 50 years of military rule, political and humanitarian conditions in Burma are deplorable. …

Thais Protest Cambodia Asylum Offer to Thaksin

NTDTV – ‎

The Cambodian prime minister has also compared Thaksin to Burmese democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi, a comparison that angered protesters. …

Rewarding Burma’s Generals

Wall Street Journal – ‎

Over the past few months, the regime has intensified its ethnic-cleansing campaign against minorities, placed Aung San Suu Kyi under house arrest (again), …

Stage may have upstaged U2 rock extravaganza

San Diego Union Tribune – George Varga – ‎

And, before a rousing “Walk On,” there was an impassioned tribute to Aung San Suu Kyi, the Nobel prize-winning opposition leader in Myanmar (or “Burma,” as …

Summit of Low Expectations

Korea Times – Susan L. Shirk – ‎

Why not reach out to North Korea the way you are toward Iran and Myanmar (Burma), Hu may ask Obama? The US and China could work together to organize …

Gen Chavalit: Mediator or divider?

Bangkok Post – ‎

… confirmed his feelings for Thaksin, and went even further by likening the deposed Thai premier to Burma’s iconic democracy crusader Aung San Suu Kyi. …

Thai politics taints relationship with neighbours

Mizzima.com –

Hun Sen compared Thaksin to Burmese pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi, asking rhetorically why he should not talk about his friend when everybody is …

Optimism from all corners but Burma is going nowhere

Mizzima.com – ‎

… regarding Myanmar, since the era of Bush administration the US wanted to work with the UN and the two big neighbours to work out the troubles in Burma. …

Rein, Turnbull lead Suu Kyi rally

ABC Online –

More than 300 people have gathered on the steps of Sydney’s Opera House in support of Burma’s detained opposition leader, Aung San Suu Kyi. …

Junta supremo to visit Sri Lanka

Mizzima.com –

Than Shwe, with an entourage of several ministers is likely to leave BurmaMyanmar Airways International A-320 aircraft … on November 11 in the newly bought

Of human rights and changing realities — The Straits Times

The Malaysian Insider – ‎

Hard to swallow, obviously, for Myanmar and the Indochina states, or even the absolute monarchy of Brunei. There is no need to belabour the point about …

Chakka bandh affects life more in hills

E-Pao.net – ‎

Imphal, October 26 2009: The 24-hour chakka bandh and indefinite steering down strike of transporters of Indo-Burma road have totally disconnected land …

Manipur and Kashmir

KanglaOnline – ‎

It borders with Burma (Myanmar), its historical rival. It was and is an oriental society different from the Indian society in its ethos and values. …

The upside-down world of Hun Sen and Thaksin

Bangkok Post – ‎

Hun Sen, a former Khmer Rouge commander known for his provocative remarks, said: “Many people talk about Aung San Suu Kyi in Burma, why not talk about …

Will you march to support action on the smacking referendum?

New Zealand Herald –

3 hours, 46 minutes ago Would the same people march against human rights abuses in Mainland China, against the same in Burma or Myanmar, against social …

Huge haul of gold, antique coins

Express Buzz – ‎

The coins are suspected to have originated in Myanmar and are a collector’s delight. At that time, Burma was all a part of India. …

U2 At The Rose Bowl: Fight Racism, Free Tehran, Buy A Blackberry!

Yes, But, However! (blog) – John Romano -‎

Bono went on and on about her being under house arrest in Burma since 1990. Burma, now Myanmar, is more or less China without the factories to make trinkets …

Luxury Travel Vietnam To Showcase Luxe Expertise at ITB Asia in Singapore

e-Travel Blackboard (press release) – ‎

Luxury Travel Company specializes in travel to Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Myanmar and won numerous travel awards for exellence over 6 years. …

Activists Urge Halt of Shwe Pipeline Project

Scoop.co.nz (press release) – Nava Thakuria – ‎

… of well wisher and supporters are officially going to urge the Chinese government to suspend the Shwe Gas and Oil Pipeline Project in Burma (Myanmar). …

Myanmar Allows Mobile Phones to Be Used in Capital City

Cellular-News – ‎

On 6 November 2005, the administrative capital of Burma was officially moved to a greenfield site 2 miles west of Pyinmana, and approximately 200 miles …

Asean, the hypocrite

Bangkok Post – ‎

At any rate, the AFP report stated Asean leaders barely mentioned Burma’s… democracy icon Aung San Suu Kyi at its weekend summit, making a mockery of the

World awaits a little relaxation

บางกอกโพส – ‎

… “relax measures” against detained opposition leader Aung San Suu KyiBurma and political stability in the region. … seems to offer hope for democracy in

ASEAN’S Human rights body must flex its muscles

Asian Tribune – Zin Linn

Kraisak Choonhavan, the president of the Asean Inter-Parliamentary Myanmar (Burma) Caucus (AIPMC), said the junta often assured that it would respect …

A glimmer of light for Burma

guardian.co.uk – ‎

Cautious optimism expressed by Asian leaders at the weekend that the situation of isolated, benighted Burma is taking a turn for the better may prove to be …

Optimism about Aung San Suu Kyi is unjustified, no change in Myanmar, Burmese …

AsiaNews.it –

Here is an analysis by Tint Swe, member of the National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma (NCGUB), which was set up by Myanmar exiles in the wake …

Constitution must be revised before election: opposition leaders

Mizzima.com – ‎

“We welcomed the affirmation by the Prime Minister of Myanmar [Burma] that the general elections to be held in 2010 would be conducted in a free, …

US diplomat meets junta minister

Mizzima.com –

Burma’s state-run media, the New Light of Myanmar said on Monday, Htay Oo, who is also the General Secretary of the junta-backed civilian organization – the …

Will the Junta and Wa Compromise?

The Irrawaddy News Magazine – Yan Naing – ‎

According to Xinhua news agency, China’s Vice-Premier Li Keqiang told Tin Aung Myint Oo: “China and Myanmar [Burma] should make efforts together to …

Burma: Ongoing Concerns over Human Rights

UNPO – ‎

Kraisak Choonhavan, chairman of the Asean Inter-Parliamentary Myanmar… Caucus, said the junta had yet to show a willingness to adhere to the principles of

ASIA: Human rights body’s shaky beginnings

IRINnews.org – ‎

Kraisak Choonhavan, chairman of the ASEAN Inter-parliamentary Myanmar Caucus, said the country’s military government had yet to demonstrate a willingness to …

Undermining ASEAN Human Rights Body Will Be Act of Suicide

Australia.TO – Marwaan Macan-Markar – ‎

But the AICHR does not have such a charter. Why is it being done back-to- regional human rights institution, to develop principles. …

China Confident Myanmar Will keep Peace on its Border

A Pakistan News –

Last month, China called Burma by violence, demanding the government protect Chinese citizens and ensure that such incidents would not happen again. …

One Step Forward, Two Steps Back

ISN –

After the US announced its new policy initiative on Burma last month, eyes were on this ASEAN summit to see if the bloc would heighten pressure on the junta …

Wa, Mongla to visit junta leaders

Shan Herald Agency for News – Hseng Khio Fah – ‎

PDF was formed on 30 November 1989 by 4 former Communist Party of Burma (CPB) armed forces: Kokang National Democratic Alliance Army, later Myanmar National …

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

October 27, 2009 at 7:38 am