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ျပည္သူေတြဆီမွာ လြတ္လပ္မႈနဲ႔ တန္းတူညီမွ်မႈ အရင္ဆံုး ရွိေနမွ ဒီမိုိကေရစီ စံႏႈန္းရွိတာ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။

Archive for October 23rd, 2009

A new tactic?

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A new tactic?

P.S. SURYANARAYANA
in Singapore

A three-way engagement between Myanmar’s junta, Suu Kyi and the U.S. could decide the pro-democracy leader’s future status.

AFP/NEW LIGHT OF MYANMAR

Aung San Suu Kyi shaking hands with Senior General Than Shwe at an undisclosed location, in this undated file photograph. The junta’s talks with her in early October have acquired the proportions of a new political game plan.

MYANMAR’S celebrated democracy campaigner Aung San Suu Kyi is the only Nobel Peace laureate to languish in detention now. While this is a widely discussed fact, not equally known is the reality that she often turns to Mahatma Gandhi for inspiration. It is not as if her peaceful struggle is not known. It is just that the international community does not readily see Gandhiji as her primary hero in politics. It was, all the same, ironic that Suu Kyi’s appeal to end her house arrest was turned down by a Yangon court on Gandhi Jayanti day, October 2. As this is written, the planned revision petition against this verdict of a divisional court has not been formally moved.

The current phase of her house arrest was ordered on August 11 by an executive fiat that superseded a Yangon trial court’s verdict against her on the same day. And thereby hangs an intricate tale of unexplored possibilities. In a sense, these possibilities have little to do with her overall detention for over 14 years so far – mainly house arrest and also a brief spell in prison. Nor do the new possibilities have much to do with the so-called facts of the current case against her. The American national who she was accused of sheltering for a few days in violation of the terms of the previous phase of her house arrest has already been deported after being convicted for a parallel “offence” of seeking her out undetected by the security forces.

Another material fact in the maze of details about her current status is that Myanmar’s military rulers have “eased” her “penalty” but not revoked the trial court’s “guilty verdict” against her. While that court sentenced her to a three-year rigorous imprisonment, the junta altered the punishment to a new round of house arrest for a reduced period at her Yangon lakeside residence.

LEGAL PROCESS

At the legal level, Suu Kyi’s close political associates in her National League for Democracy (NLD), who also serve as her counsel, are determined to get the “guilty verdict” overturned through the remaining avenues of appeal. However, the legal process in Myanmar, overshadowed overwhelmingly by martial law, is not as clear-cut as in a democracy. This is especially so at this time on two counts.

One, it is for the first time that the junta has accessed the judicial process in a bid to keep Suu Kyi out of the political domain. Before the present case, the first against her, the junta had promoted the same objective through a naked exercise of political prerogatives.

More importantly, the second factor, now in focus behind the scenes, is the possibility of a three-way engagement between Myanmar’s junta, Suu Kyi, and the United States. In a larger sense, the junta’s leader, Senior General Than Shwe, so used to arbitrary rule as in the cases of martial law in other countries, may decide the future status of Suu Kyi on the basis of such a three-way engagement.

Significantly, in this context, Aung Kyi, a Minister designated by the junta to “liaise” with Suu Kyi even as it crushed a recent uprising by Buddhist monks, met her twice in quick succession after her judicial appeal for freedom was turned down on October 2. With the junta releasing no details of these conversations, her close associates, who were not privy to this sudden dialogue, could only speculate about the nature and scope of the new engagement. Although her associates were denied access to her in this context, they were aware of the possibility of a qualitatively different kind of dialogue between her and the junta.

Nyan Win, Suu Kyi’s long-time lieutenant and NLD spokesman, told this correspondent from Yangon in the first week of October that the junta was possibly trying to figure out how she might help secure an end to the existing international sanctions on Myanmar. The reasoning was that these talks took place soon after she categorically offered to “cooperate” with the junta in getting the economic embargo lifted for the benefit of Myanmar’s people.

PARALLEL MOVES

Another subject of actual or potential interest to the junta in engaging Suu Kyi was its own possible dialogue with the U.S. The Barack Obama administration has surprised many observers in East Asia by offering to hold direct talks with not only North Korea but also Myanmar’s military rulers. One of the reasons cited by the U.S. for these parallel moves is the suspicion of emerging links on arms-related issues between Kim Jong-il’s North Korea and Than Shwe’s Myanmar. The suspicion in the West extends to the possibility of Kim helping Than Shwe develop nuclear weapons.

On a different but related front, the latest U.S. move for separate bilateral talks with North Korea and Myanmar does not bristle with open overtones of seeking a regime change in any of these countries. On the contrary, the U.S. has packaged the move as some kind of realpolitik of dealing with these two leaders in their own right because of their critical relevance to the local situations.

For Suu Kyi’s NLD associates, the relevant issue is not really centred on the tactical or strategic logic that drove Washington to initiate its new move. In their view, any dialogue between the U.S. and Myanmar’s junta would be pointless without a parallel or overlapping conversation between the NLD and the Obama administration. In fact, shortly after the new U.S. gesture to the junta became known, Suu Kyi let a word out, through her now-free NLD lieutenants, that she would like the U.S. to engage not just Myanmar’s junta but also the country’s opposition camp, especially her own party.

Unsurprisingly, therefore, Than Shwe’s decision to depute a Minister for urgent talks with Suu Kyi, even as the ink on a judicial order against her appeal for freedom had not yet become dry, acquired the proportions of a new political game plan. From the NLD standpoint, the junta’s talks with her in early October offered the prospects of some form of a three-way engagement that could involve the U.S. as well. With Washington yet to firm up its own ideas on how to engage the junta, the NLD’s position, as of October 9, was that the three sides could talk not only about ending the Myanmar-specific sanctions but also about the country’s long-term political question itself.

KHIN MAUNG WIN/AP

NYAN WIN (LEFT) and Kyi Win, both lawyers of Suu Kyi, escorted by members of the National League for Democracy as they leave a court in Yangon on October 2. The court turned down the Nobel Peace laureate’s appeal to end her house arrest.

The notion of the three sides sitting together for talks was, of course, just that – a notion. However, it was not an idle pastime to imagine that some criss-crossing or even parallel contacts between the three sides could occur. For that to happen, the junta should, of course, be willing either to free Suu Kyi or at least to let her talk to the U.S. or the West.

For long, the junta had accused Suu Kyi of being a “devilish advocate” of the international sanctions that only hurt the interests of ordinary Myanmarese. While this was not true, she also had not, until early October, offered proactive cooperation with the junta to get these sanctions lifted, NLD sources said.

The junta, no doubt, remains wary of going the extra mile to engage Suu Kyi and the U.S., lest that should inexorably lead to the beginning of the end of military rule in Myanmar. An idea of striking a bargain for some form of controlled democracy is, therefore, seen to be driving the junta in denying her freedom even while engaging her.

TRACK RECORD

Will the NLD lawyers be able to bring about a game-changer now by pursuing further judicial appeals for Suu Kyi’s freedom? The junta’s track record should rule out this possibility. But the lawyers are in no mood to give up, especially after winning a crucial legal point in the Yangon divisional court on October 2.

When this is written, she is yet to review the situation following the divisional court’s verdict against her first-stage appeal.

Dismissing that appeal, the court ruled that the 1974 Constitution, which the prosecution had cited as the overarching framework for her trial, “is not valid” in law. However, the divisional judge upheld the validity of the 1975 State Protection Law, which was invoked to set the terms for her previous house arrest, which she was accused of violating.

The NLD lawyers saw this as a “very controversial” ruling that could be challenged judicially. Their reasoning was that the invalidation of the 1974 Constitution, which they demanded during the hearings, would imply a constitutional vacuum.

This should strengthen the case against any state protection law, however enacted or promulgated. The hope of the NLD lawyers was that a successful appeal in the form of a revision petition before the apex court would not only exonerate her of any wrongdoing but also undermine the basis of the executive order on her current detention.

Such legal niceties under a martial-law regime and the emerging political possibilities call for some problem-solving creativity, which those outside Myanmar have rarely, if at all, credited the junta with.

http://www.flonnet.com/stories/20091106262205700.htm

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

October 23, 2009 at 4:48 pm

World focus on Burma (23-10-2009)

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ASEAN talks hit early snag

ABC Online – Karen Percy – ‎

Political observers have been dismayed by Hun Sen’s comments likening Mr Thaksin to Burma’s detained opposition leader, Aung San Suu Kyi.

North Korea, economy feature at Asian summit

Brisbane Times – ‎

Members of ASEAN have recently escalated their criticism of Burma, particularly over the detention of democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi, who on Saturday …

UN envoy asks Myanmar’s junta to release political prisoners

Zee News – ‎

Nobel Peace Prize laureate Aung San Suu Kyi’s continued detention will prevent her from contesting elections next year. In September, only 131 out of more …

Abhisit’s meeting with Japan’s PM

Bangkok Post – ‎

… with the Burmese Prime Minister Thein Sein, Mr Abhisit said he will find the right time to visit Burma and meet its opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi …

Hun Sen, Abhisit start summit war of words

Bangkok Post – ‎

Hun Sen also indirectly compared Thaksin to Burmese Nobel Peace Prize laureate Aung San Suu Kyi and said he considered Thaksin to be a victim of the 2006 …

Don’t be a pawn, Thai PM tells Hun Sen

AsiaOne – ‎

Hun Sen compared Thaksin to Burmese pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi, asking rhetorically why he should not talk about his friend when everybody is …

Asean must set realistic goals

Bangkok Post – ‎

Burma could partially redeem itself by using the summit to announce an amnesty for detained pro-democracy icon Aung San Suu Kyi but that is unlikely as the

SOUTH-EAST ASIA: Civil Society Refuses to Cave in at ASEAN Summit

Inter Press Service – Marwaan Macan-Markar – ‎‎

The spoilers were the governments of Brunei, Burma (or Myanmar), Cambodia, Laos, the Philippines, Singapore and Vietnam. “We are insulted by the attempts of

Fourteen years

InTheNews.co.uk – Matthew Champion – ‎

Burmese democracy icon Aung San Suu Kyi will tonight mark her 14th year in detention at the hands of the country’s military rulers. …

Court hears witnesses in trial against Burmese-American

Mizzima.com –

Though Nyi Nyi Aung is accused of fraud and forgery, the Burmese junta’s official mouthpiece, the New Light of Myanmar newspaper, accused him of …

Rats plague rural Myanmar

MorungExpress – Colin Hinshelwood – ‎

A spreading plague of rats has devoured crops in western Myanmar, giving rise to a famine that threatens hundreds of thousands in the country’s remote Chin …

Civil society representatives barred from ASEAN summit

Mizzima.com –

“We walked out as we cannot be seen in the same line with MyanmarBurma]’s Anti-Narcotics Association. It is totally a different ideology and different … [

Don’t allow anyone to use you as a tool : Abhisit to Hun Sen

The Nation – ‎

Hun Sen also compared Thaksin to Aung San Suu Kyi of Burma, saying many people talked about Suu Kyi, so why he could not talk about Thaksin. …

South-East Asia gets “toothless” human rights commission

Monsters and Critics.com – ‎

Myanmar, also known as Burma, appointed two former police chiefs to represent civil society for its country instead. The Indonesian, Malaysian and Thai …

Illegal trade in precious wood between Myanmar and China continues

AsiaNews.it –

China depends for its lumber on Malaysia, Russia, Indonesia, Gabon, but especially Myanmar, formerly known as Burma, which is also a political ally. …

Criticism for Asian rights watchdog

The Australian – Rachel O’Brien – ‎

Burma is likely to come under the spotlight at the summit for its continued detention of democracy icon Aung San Suu Kyi, but it regularly gets an easier …

The Nation: Human Rights Chutzpah

NPR – ‎

He does not bother to mention that the great Burmese democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi supports the administration’s policy of engaging the junta running …

Mobile pantry helps sustain refugees

San Antonio Express – Vincent T. Davis

They filed behind 60-year-old Ka Sin of Myanmar (Burma) as he held a sign with the words “start here.” Women, men and children from Iran, Iraq, Bhutan, …

UN rights envoy to visit Burma in November

Mizzima.com –

“We find it perturbing, troubling, that the report focuses principally on selected individuals and groups, instead of engagement with the MyanmarBurma] … [

N. Korea regime to blame for food crisis: UN

CBC.ca – ‎

The other two reports focused on people living in Burma and the Palestinian region. Tomas Ojea Quintana visited military-ruled Burma, also known as Myanmar, …

Activism and Motherhood in Asia

Global Voices Online (blog) – ‎

She was unable to see him as he was dying – the junta refused to give him an entry visa, and she feared that, if she left Burma, she would not be allowed …

Release Political Prisoners before Elections: UN Official

The Irrawaddy News Magazine – Lalit K Jha

Tomás Ojea Quintana, the UN special rapporteur on human rights in Burma. (Photo: AP) Quintana also urged the military junta to take prompt measures to …

The obvious in ‘donated by friends’

Manila Bulletin – Romeo V. Pefianco – ‎

… Vietnam’s $2600, Singapore’s $49700 (one of the highest in the world) and Myanmar’s (Burma) $1900 (one of the poorest in the ASEAN region). …

ASEAN leaders launch regional human rights body

Thai News Agency MCOT – ‎

“The behaviour of the governments of Cambodia, Laos, Singapore, Philippines and Burma in rejecting their civil society representatives sabotages the …

US zeroes in on China’s clout in Myanmar

Asia Times Online – Brian McCartan – ‎

“Our dialogue with [Myanmar] will supplement rather than replace the sanction regimes that have been at the center of our Burma [Myanmar] policy for many …

Asian leaders to launch ‘historic’ rights body

Bangkok Post – ‎

Burma is likely to come under the international spotlight for its continued detention of democracy icon Aung San Suu Kyi, but Welsh said human rights issues …

Asian leaders launch rights group

BBC News – ‎

The Asean summit was preceded by reports that an earlier effort by Asean to call for an amnesty for detained Burmese democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi was …

ASEAN creates human rights commission

ABC Online – Karen Percy – ‎

… of the representatives were not allowed to even enter the meeting room, including the woman representing the exiled Burmese activist, Aung San Suu Kyi. …

Simpson – EU Sanctions on Burma

DeHavilland (press release) (subscription) –

Moreover, these sanctions leave the regime in no doubt about our determination to see real democracy established and human rights respected in Burma. …

How Australia can help Myanmar

Asia Times Online – David Scott Mathieson – ‎

The immediate and unconditional release of more than 2100 political prisoners in Myanmar [2], including Suu Kyi, and serious steps taken to make the …

Noteable Quotes

The Namibian – ‎

Aung San Suu Kyi AC ( born 1945) is an opposition politician and general secretary of the National League for Democracy in Burma (Myanmar) THE World is a …

Asean human rights watchdog set up

Bangkok Post – ‎
Burma is likely to come under the spotlight at the summit for its continued detention of democracy icon Aung San Suu Kyi, but regularly gets an easier ride …
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UN expert slams Burma impunity

Democratic Voice of Burma – Matthew Cunningham – ‎

Oct 23, 2009 (DVB)–Widespread government impunity in Burma has allowed the country’s “alarming” human rights situation to continue unabated, …

Great Power Confrontation in the Indian Ocean: The Geo-Politics of the Sri …

Center for Research on Globalization – Mahdi Darius

Myanmar (Burma) is also part of this project and in many cases the pressure on the governments in both states is linked to their agreements with Beijing. …

15th ASEAN Summit officially opens: ASEAN Leaders To Tackle Economic Crisis

Asian Tribune – ‎

Asean People Forum activists from Burma, Cambodia, Laos, the Philippines and Singapore were not allowed to attend the meeting with the government leaders. …

South-East Asia gets ‘toothless’ human rights commission – 3rd Update

Earthtimes (press release) –

… for failing to pressure Myanmar, also known as Burma, to free opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi and more than 2000 other political prisoners. …

NewsU.S. Engagement With Myanmar Set For Next Week: Campbell

ForexTV.com –

(RTTNews) – The US will begin its engagement with Myanmar, also known as Burma, after a decade-long freeze next week by sending a top diplomat to Yangon, …

Burma: Human Rights

DeHavilland (press release) (subscription) – ‎

[294674] Mr. Ivan Lewis: We are aware of several calls for the establishment of a commission of inquiry to investigate human rights in Burma. …

Burma: Politics and Government

DeHavilland (press release) (subscription) – ‎

[294539] Mr. Ivan Lewis: The UK is deeply concerned about the human rights situation in eastern Burma and reports earlier in the year of renewed fighting …

NewsU.S. Engagement With Myanmar Set For Next Week: Campbell

ForexTV.com – ‎

… that the US mission hopes to meet with the military junta as well as detained democracy icon Aung San Suu Kyi and representatives of ethnic groups.

Burma: Arms Trade

DeHavilland (press release) (subscription) – ‎

Mr. Keith Simpson: To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs what UK policy is on proposals for a UN arms embargo on Burma; …

Myanmar to host rare US visit

Peninsula On-line –

Those marked the highest-level US contact with Myanmar in nearly a decade. “We expect engagement with Burma to be a long, slow, painful and step-by-step …

The SHAN’s Struggle for Identity

Shan Herald Agency for News – Nai Saing – ‎

… regularly collects information and reports it to the media, the Shan language is not officially recognized by military government of BurmaMyanmar). … (

Regional heads urge fair Burma elections

Democratic Voice of Burma – Francis Wade – ‎

Oct 23, 2009 (DVB)–Southeast Asian leaders yesterday pressured the Burmese junta to hold free elections next year and raised doubts about the military …

A question with no answer yet

Mizzima.com –

The British Prime Minister’s open letter at the time of our popular leader Daw Aung San Suu Kyi’s recent trial cheered the Burmese people, but the later …

Rights tops Jakarta’s ASEAN agenda

Jakarta Post – ‎

Despite Indonesia being consistently critical of Myanmar’s poor human rights record, it has not supported sanctions against Yangon as imposed by the West. …

SEAC and you’ll find

Brandeis Hoot – Lina Bui – ‎

There are eleven countries in which SEAC emphasizes in its activities: Brunei, Cambodia, East Timor, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar (Burma), …

Five Countries Reject Civil Society Reps At Asean Summit

Bernama – Arul Rajoo – ‎

HUA HIN, Oct 23 (Bernama) — The governments of Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, the Philippines and Singapore have rejected members of civil groups …

South-East Asia gets ‘toothless’ human rights commission

Earthtimes (press release) –

… for failing to pressure member Myanmar, also called Burma, to free opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi and more than 2000 other political prisoners. …

Asian summit to tackle economic crisis, rights

Bangkok Post – ‎

Burma’s continued detention of democracy icon Aung San Suu Kyi is likely to come under the spotlight, as the United States embarks on a major policy shift …

Senior US envoy prepares to head to Burma

Radio Australia –

Burma has confirmed that it will host a US diplomatic mission next week, after Washington’s announcement that it’s embarking on a series of meetings to …

Asian Gems Come Out of Storage

Wall Street Journal – Candace Jackson – ‎

“Emerald Cities: Arts of Siam and Burma 1775-1950” at the Asian Art Museum in San Francisco showcases about 140 artworks from MyanmarBurma) and … (formerly

UN human rights investigator spars with Myanmar

Jakarta Post – ‎

Myanmar, formerly known as Burma, recently has allowed Suu Kyi, the detailed democracy leader, some contact with Western diplomats as the United States has …

UN to ASEAN: Make rights body credible

Inquirer.net –

ASEAN’s reputation has suffered over repeated alleged human rights abuses by member states, particularly military-ruled Burma (Myanmar). …

UN: Human Rights Abuses in North Korea, Burma ‘Abysmal’

Voice of America – Margaret Besheer – ‎

… the General Assembly’s Social, Humanitarian and Cultural Affairs Committee was the UN Special Rapporteur for Burma, which is also known as Myanmar. …

Somali pirates seize ship off East African coast

msnbc.com – ‎

Seychelles officials said 24 Indians and two men from Myanmar, the country also known as Burma, were on board. The EU task force, Operation Atalanta, …

Press conference by Special Rapporteur on human rights in Myanmar

ReliefWeb (press release) –

The human rights situation in Myanmar remained alarming, with a pattern of widespread and systematic violations that prevailing impunity allowed to continue …

SFU’s Vanier scholars begin studies

Simon Fraser University News – ‎

Sai Soe Win Latt (geography) who is researching issues involving the gigantic Tasang hydroelectric dam project in Burma (Myanmar) supported by the Asian …

UN Slams Myanmar, No h Korea,rt Palestinian Rights Ills

New York Times – Eric Walsh

Myanmar also reprimanded the United States and Britain during the meeting for referring to the country by its former name, Burma, while North Korea …

Myanmar: UN expert urges release of all political prisoners before elections

UN News Centre – ‎

22 October 2009 – An independent United Nations expert has called on Myanmar’s Government to release all political prisoners before the national elections …

Burmese Official: US Official to Visit Burma

Voice of America – ‎

He says the United States continues to call for her release, as well as all political prisoners in Burma. Aung San Suu Kyi has been under some form of …

Russian rights trio win top EU assembly prize

บางกอกโพส –

Previous winners include Nelson Mandela, Burma’s Aung San Suu Kyi and former United Nations chief Kofi Annan — each also former Nobel Peace Prize winners.

Award-winning author still fights the good fight, spreads word about worthy causes

Santa Rosa Press Democrat – John Beck – ‎

She also recently traveled to Burma to protest the imprisonment of opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi. Over the years, she’s dared to speak out against …

Asean faces external pressure to shape up or get left behind

The Nation – ‎

While the junta completely ignored the Asean appeal to free Aung San Suu Kyi, it has wisely chosen to engage the US bilaterally by responding positively to …

Sakharov Prize Comes Full Circle

World Politics Review – Juliette Terzieff – ‎

Past winners include Chinese civil rights activist Hu Jia, ethnic-Kurd Turkish politician Leyla Zana, Burma’s Aung San Suu Kyi and Algerian …

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

October 23, 2009 at 4:16 pm

NLD အထူးေၾကညာခ်က္ (၂၂ ေအာက္တိုဘာ ၂ဝဝ၉)

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NLD---special-announcement-

Source – Email (Phyo Wai)

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

October 23, 2009 at 8:11 am