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ျပည္သူေတြဆီမွာ လြတ္လပ္မႈနဲ႔ တန္းတူညီမွ်မႈ အရင္ဆံုး ရွိေနမွ ဒီမိုိကေရစီ စံႏႈန္းရွိတာ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။

Archive for April 2010

ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုၾကည္မွ ရက္ေပါင္း ၆၀ အတြင္းမွတ္ပံုမတင္ရင္ ပါတီပ်က္ျပယ္သည္ဆိုတဲ့ ဥပေဒအား တားဝရမ္းထုတ္ေပးရန္ တရားရုံးခ်ဳပ္သို႔စာတင္…

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ဒီမိုေဝယံမွ ကူးယူေဖာ္ျပသည္။

ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုၾကည္မွ ရက္ေပါင္း ၆၀ အတြင္းမွတ္ပံုမတင္ရင္ ပါတီပ်က္ျပယ္သည္ဆိုတဲ့ ဥပေဒအား တားဝရမ္းထုတ္ေပးရန္ တရားရုံးခ်ဳပ္သို႔စာတင္…

ယေန႔ တရားရုံးခ်ဳပ္သို႔ အမ်ိဳးသားဒီမိုကေရစီခ်ဳပ္ အေထြေထြအတြင္းေရးမႈး ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုၾကည္မွ ရက္ေပါင္း ၆၀ အတြင္းမွတ္ပံုမတင္ရင္ အလိုေလွ်ာက္ ပ်က္ျပယ္မည္ဆိုသည္႔ ဥပေဒအား တားဝရမ္းထုတ္ေပးဖို႔ တရားရုံးခ်ဳပ္သို႔ တားဝရမ္းတင္ေၾကာင္း သိရပါတယ္. …။

ဦးေအာင္ေရႊအပါအဝင္ လက္ရွိထိေတြ႔ေနတဲ့ ၁၉၉၀ခုႏွစ္ ေရြးေကာက္ခံ ျပည္သူ႔လႊတ္ေတာ္ ကိုယ္စားလွယ္ ၂၆ဦးမွလည္း ဥပေဒအရ လႊတ္ေတာ္ကိုယ္စားလွယ္ အျဖစ္ရပ္တည္ပိုင္ခြင့္ရွိေၾကာင္း ေၾကျငာေပးဖို႔နဲ႔ အဲ့ဒီေနာက္ပိုင္း လႊတ္ေတာ္ေခၚယူ ေပးဖို႔ တရားစြဲဆိုခဲ့ေၾကာင္း အမ်ိဳးသားဒီမိုကေရစီခ်ဳပ္ ေျပာခြင့္ရပုဂၢိဳလ္ ဦးဥာဏ္ဝင္းက ေျပာဆိုသြားပါတယ္။

” ဒီေန႔အန္ကယ္တို႔ တရားရုံးခ်ဳပ္မွာ ၂မ်ိဳးတင္ပါတယ္။ တစ္ခုက ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုၾကည္အေနနဲ႔ ေနာက္တစ္မ်ိဳးက လႊတ္ေတာ္ကိုယ္စားလွယ္ေတြ အေနနဲ႔တင္တာပါ။ ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုၾကည္ အေနနဲ႔တင္တဲ့ အခ်က္က ႏိုင္ငံေရးပါတီမ်ား မွတ္ပံုတင္ျခင္း ပုဒ္မ ၂၅မွာ ျပ႒ာန္းခ်က္က ရက္ေပါင္း ၆၀ အတြင္း ထပ္မံ မွတ္ပံုမတင္ရင္ အဲ့ဒီပါတီဟာ အလိုေလွ်ာက္ ပ်က္ျပယ္မယ္ဆိုတဲ့ အခ်က္ပါတယ္ … ။ ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုၾကည္က ဒါဟာဥပေဒနဲ႔ မညီဘူး။ သူကိုယ္တိုင္ လက္မွတ္ေရးထိုး မွတ္ပံုတင္ထားတဲ့ NLD ပါတီဟာ ၁၉၈၈ခုႏွစ္ဥပေဒအရ တရားဝင္ပါတီ ျဖစ္တယ္ … ဒီတရားဝင္ပါတီျဖစ္တဲ့ ေပၚမွာမူတည္ျပီးေတာ့ အဲ့ဒီပုဒ္မ၂၅မွာ ရက္ေပါင္း ၆၀ အတြင္း ထပ္မံ မွတ္ပံုမတင္ရင္ အဲ့ဒီပါတီဟာ အလိုေလွ်ာက္ ပ်က္ျပယ္မယ္ဆိုတဲ့ ဥပေဒဟာ အမ်ိဳးသားဒီမိုကေရစီအဖြဲ႔ခ်ဳပ္နဲ႔ သက္ဆိုင္ျခင္းမရွိေၾကာင္း.. အမ်ိဳးသားဒီမိုကေရစီအဖြဲ႔ခ်ဳပ္ အေပၚမွာ အက်ိဳးထိခိုက္မႈ မရွိေၾကာင္း တားဝရမ္းထုတ္ေပးပါဆိုျပီး တားဝရမ္းတင္ပါတယ္။ ”

ေနာက္တစ္ခုက ျပည္သူ႔လႊတ္ေတာ္ကိုယ္စားလွယ္ေတြက သူတို႔က ၁၉၉၀ ေရြးေကာက္ပြဲမွာ အႏိုင္ရခဲ့တယ္။ အဲ့ဒီေရြးေကာက္ပြဲဟာ တရားမွ်တေၾကာင္း အစိုးရက ေၾကျငာခဲ့တယ္။ အဲ့ဒီေတာ့ သူတို႔ဟာ ဥပေဒအရ လႊတ္ေတာ္ကိုယ္စားလွယ္ အျဖစ္ရပ္တည္ ပိုင္ခြင့္ရွိသူမ်ားျဖစ္ေၾကာင္း ေၾကျငာေပးဖို႔နဲ႔ ေၾကျငာျပီးေနာက္ပိုင္းမွာ လႊတ္ေတာ္ ေခၚယူေပးဖို႔ အဲ့ဒါက တရားစြဲတာ ခုနေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုၾကည္တင္တာက Application လုပ္တာ။ အဲ့ေတာ့ ဒီ၂ခု ဒီေန႔တင္တယ္။ တရားရုံးခ်ဳပ္က မနက္ပိုင္း ၁၀နာရီတင္တယ္ ၁၂နာရီျပန္လာဖို႔ ေျပာတယ္။ ၁၂နာရီသြားေတာ့ မနက္ျဖန္ ၁နာရီခ်ိန္းတယ္။ အဲ့ဒီေတာ့ သူတို႔ဘယ္လို သတ္မွတ္အမိန္႔ခ်မယ္ ဆိုတာေတာ့ မသိေသးဘူး.. ဟု အမ်ိဳးသားဒီမိုကေရစီခ်ဳပ္ ေျပာခြင့္ရပုဂၢိဳလ္ ဦးဥာဏ္ဝင္းက ေျပာဆိုသြားပါတယ္။

ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုၾကည္ရဲ႕ ေနအိမ္ျပင္ဆင္ခြင့္ ျပန္လည္ခြင့္ျပဳ

ဆက္လက္ျပီး ” ျပီးခဲ့တဲ့ ဒီဇင္ဘာလထဲကစျပီး ရပ္ဆိုင္းျခင္း ခံထားရတဲ့ ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုၾကည္ရဲ႕ ေနအိမ္ျပင္ဆင္ခြင့္ကို ယေန႔မနက္ ၉နာရီမွာ ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုၾကည္ရဲ႕ ကိုယ္စားလွယ္ ဦးထင္ေက်ာ္ကို ေခၚျပီးစာတေစာင္ ေပးတယ္ အဲဒီ့စာမွာ စည္ပင္မွ ျပင္ဆင္ခြင့္ကို ဆက္လက္ေဆာင္ရြက္ခြင့္ ျပဳတယ္လို႔ ပါရွိပါတယ္ . ဒါေၾကာင့္ ျပင္ဆင္ဖို႔ လုပ္ငန္းေတြ ညိွႏိႈင္းဖို႔ အန္ကယ္ရယ္၊ ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုၾကည္ရဲ႕ ကိုယ္စားလွယ္ရယ္၊ ဗိသုကာရယ္ကို ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုၾကည္နဲ႔ ေတြ႔ခြင့္ေပးဖို႔ ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုၾကည္ရဲ႕ လံုျခဳံေရးကို ေဆာင္ရြက္ေနတဲ့ ရဲအထူးတပ္ဖြဲ႔ကို အဲ့ဒီစာကိုျပျပီး ေလွ်ာက္ထားတယ္ Respond မရေသးဘူးေပါ့ဟု” ေရွ႕ေနၾကီးဦးဥာဏ္ဝင္းက ဆက္လက္ေျပာဆိုသြားပါတယ္။

သတင္း …ဒီမိုေဝယံ

Thursday, April 29, 2010

http://www.demowaiyan.co.cc/2010/04/blog-post_6469.html

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

April 30, 2010 at 7:39 am

When soldiers make big law; Burma vs. Kenya

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Charles Onyango-Obbo

When soldiers make big law; Burma vs. Kenya

By CHARLES ONYANGO-OBBO  (email the author)

Posted Wednesday, April 14 2010 at 16:12

With the passage of the draft constitution in Parliament, and most of the political class seemingly agreed to campaign for it in the referendum, Kenya has come very close to finally putting this matter to bed.

A section of church leaders are opposed to the draft, mainly because it retains the kadhi courts, and also because they believe it’s cleverly trying to legalise abortion. They have sworn to campaign against it.

That will be something, with priests and bishops on one side holding rallies to urge a “No” vote, and the politicians on the other pushing for a “Yes” vote. It is a high stakes game for the churches.

Because they have not recovered from the alleged complicity of some of the church leaders in the 2008 post-election killings, if they go openly for a “No” vote, they cannot afford to lose.

If they do, they will be disgraced like the Catholic Church in Rwanda, which opposed the Rwanda Patriotic Army rebels, and whose leaders actively participated in the 1994 genocide.

In the end, the RPA won and is now the government. And it never allows the Catholic Church to forget that it fomented genocide. It will be decades before the Catholic Church recovers its moral authority in Rwanda.

However Kenyan politicians, like their colleagues elsewhere, can afford to lose. That is the currency of their trade. They just pick themselves up, dust themselves off, and wait for the next political fight.

Kenyan commentators and politicians also like to speak about how the nearly 20 years it has taken to get this far in the constitution making process is one of the longest in the world.

We checked, and it is not just “one of the longest”, but the longest. Until 2008, the record was held by Burma (Myanmar), which took 17 years to get its constitution.

The common explanations for why Kenya’s constitution review has taken so long are, first, lack of political will and, second, because it has a querulous multiparty system that no single group has been able to totally dominate in recent years.

However, Burma doesn’t have such “problems”. First, Senior General Than Shwe and his fellow officers are running one of the most repressive regimes in the world.

In 1990 when the military realised that the popular opposition was going to win the 1991 elections, they placed her under house arrest — where she remains 20 years later.

DESPITE THE DETENTION AND THE fact that she was not able to campaign for her party, it still won 82 per cent of the parliamentary. There are no prizes for guessing what happened next — the military refused to recognise the results, end of story.

At about the same time, the military junta established the National Convention to write a new constitution. While Kenya and quite a few other countries in Africa had a highly consultative process, there was no such thing in Burma.

According to online news journal The Irrawady, the Burmese public was largely excluded from the constitutional drafting process. The National Convention’s proceedings were not open. Delegates who opposed the military junta’s views were expelled or silenced.

The public did not get a glimpse of the draft until weeks before the referendum, so newspapers there did not make money publishing the draft as the ones in Kenya have.

The military has a tight control of everything, including counting votes. So when the referendum on the constitution took place in May 2008, the government claimed that 98 per cent of the population turned out and 92 per cent voted in favour.

That result was very unlikely because the referendum took place soon after Cyclone Nargis devastated the Irrawaddy Delta and killed more than 138,000 people.

So after 17 years of calling the shots at every stage of the constitution making process, the soldiers still wanted to leave nothing to chance. Burma’s constitution requires more than 75 per cent of the Parliament to vote in favour of an amendment.

That cannot happen in Burma under military rule, but just in case, the junta ensured the constitution also allocated 25 per cent of the seats in Parliament to the military.

So if a fairly effective junta can take 17 years without any opposition to have its constitution, it should not be surprising that a fractious democracy would take 20 years.

And Kenya should also count its blessings. After 20 years, it has a draft that considerably expands freedoms and rights. In Burma, after 17 years all they got was heartbreak. The junta simply entrenched dictatorship.

cobbo@nation.co.ke

http://www.nation.co.ke/oped/Opinion/When%20soldiers%20make%20big%20%20law%20Burma%20vs%20Kenya/-/440808/899238/-/fm1pj7/-/

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

April 14, 2010 at 6:18 pm

Posted in Varieties in English

Tagged with , ,

Indonesia’s ‘credibility to play role’ in Myanmar transition

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Indonesia’s ‘credibility to play role’ in Myanmar transition

Lilian Budianto ,  The Jakarta Post   |  Wed, 04/14/2010 10:51 AM  |  World

A number of observers have suggested that initiatives to encourage Myanmar’s military junta to hand over power to civilians include guaranteeing that they will not be prosecuted after stepping down. The Jakarta Post’s Lilian Budianto talks about the issue with the president of Washington-based National Endowment for Democracy, Carl Gershman, currently in Jakarta for the 6th symposium of the “World Movement for Democracy”. Gershman also said Indonesia could play a significant role in Myanmar’s transition to democracy. Below are excerpts of the interview:

Question: Does providing guarantee that Myanmar’s generals will be free from prosecution after they are not in power help lead to transition to democracy?

Answer: Yes, the generals in Myanmar want to know that they have a future after they are no longer in power.

They want some compromise. Just like in Indonesia; the military was moved out of politics but they retain some influence here.

In South Africa, (in the aftermath of apartheid system), not everybody was punished. Some peopleneed to be punished, such as those who committed crimes against humanity.

There are different levels of crimes but it is important to limit vengeance and retribution because if you go too far, you will destabilize the democratic transition.

Former rulers will fight and so you must find the middle ground. It is hard. Human rights activists sometimes are more interested in retribution than finding the middle ground because it involves compromise. You have to find a balance.

Is it acceptable for the international community to allow perpetrators of human rights crimes to walk free?

It will need compromise and constitutional reforms factoring in how to include the minority and how much power to give to the military (after the end of dictatorship). In Chile in 1989, you had (president Augusto) Pinochet out of office but the military had some influence afterward. In Poland in 1989, some radical activists were against some guarantees that were given to communists. But compromises are sometimes necessary.

You must deal with the past, which can arise in different ways.

What role can Indonesia play in Myanmar?

Indonesia has the authority and credibility to play a role in the transition of Burma considering that it is the largest country in Southeast Asia. It is a democracy ruled by the former military general. Indonesia has the authority to enter Burma more than we do. Indonesia believes in quiet diplomacy.

President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono is a sophisticated man. He doesn’t believe in imposing the will of Indonesia on Burma. Indonesia believes in a quiet diplomacy. He can use that to encourage a change in Burma, Indochina as well. Indonesia has a role to play beyond his border. We are engaging with Indonesia to spread democracy.

The relation between Indonesia and the US is one of the most important relations we have in the world in terms of democracy development. We have difficult relations with authoritarian countries. We must look together for a change to work together in Burma. It is important for the US to work with Indonesia on Burma.

What can push change in Myanmar?

Domestic drive. International push can only provide some aid but the drive has to come from within.

But the domestic factor is too weak?

It is not that the domestic factor is too weak but the military regime is too severe.

You have thousands of people who took to the streets in 2007 for revolutions, but they were repressed. One thing that was different in Burma: In the 1988 uprising, 3,000 people were killed while in the 2007 uprising, 100 were killed. There is space for a democratic voice in Burma.

What options does it have to lead to change?

It is possible that the people, like in the Philippines, have a non-violent revolution. However, that is not possible in Burma.

Indonesia has to play a role. The Indonesian President is from the military. He can show the Burmese that it is possible to make a transition to democracy and you have to pressure them but also enable them see that there is a future. Dictators tend to be very nervous because they committed crimes and are afraid the people will seek revenge.

http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2010/04/14/indonesia%E2%80%99s-%E2%80%98credibility-play-role%E2%80%99-myanmar-transition.html

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

April 14, 2010 at 6:09 pm

Asean leaders issue Burma election call

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Asean leaders issue Burma election call

BBC News -‎

South East Asian leaders have urged Burma’s military government to hold free and inclusive elections. In a statement, the leaders of the Asean regional grouping said the move would help the country to stabilise and focus on development.

In a statement, the leaders of the Asean regional grouping said the move would help the country to stabilise and focus on development.

Burma’s military rulers recently enacted election laws ahead of polls expected later this year.

The laws prevent detained pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi and other key figures from taking part.

The Asean summit is taking place in the Vietnamese capital, Hanoi.

Leaders had planned to focus on improving relations between the bloc and regional trading partners.

But the issue of Burma – and the absence of the Thai prime minister due to protests – overshadowed proceedings.

‘Credible’

In a news conference at the end of the summit, Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung said the elections in Burma should be “fair, democratic, with the participation of all parties”.

“This will help… stabilise the country and focus resources on development,” he said.

Indonesia’s Foreign Minister Minister Marty Natalegawa echoed his call, saying Burma had to keep its promises.

“The main message that’s coming out from the summit is the importance of the elections that are coming up in 2010,” he said.

“And not any type of elections, but instead an election that is free, that is fair, that is democratic, that is credible.

“These are qualities that Myanmar [Burma] itself has said they want to fulfil. So I think the clarion call… is the importance for Myanmar to live up to the commitments.”

Observers say the comments were unusually strong for Asean, which has been criticised in the past for failing to take a stand on members’ human rights issues.

Burma’s military leaders say they will hold the first elections in two decades some time this year.

But their recently-enacted election laws have been widely criticised.

One law bans those with criminal convictions from taking part – ruling out most key opposition leaders, who have been jailed for their political activism.

Ms Suu Kyi’s party, the National League for Democracy (NLD), has already said that it will boycott the polls.

The NLD won the last elections in 1990 but was never allowed to take power.

Asean, or the Association of South East Asian Nations, combines the more developed economies of Indonesia, Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, the Philippines, Vietnam and Brunei, with Burma, Laos and Cambodia.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/8611930.stm

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Written by Lwin Aung Soe

April 9, 2010 at 7:53 pm

Posted in World top news

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ICC outlines Kenya probe plan

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ICC outlines Kenya probe plan

About 400,000 people, many from the capital’s slums, were displaced after the polls (AFP)

The International Criminal Court prosecutor has pledged to focus on victims as he prepares to begin an investigation into Kenya’s 2007-08 post-election violence.

Outlining the judicial process in The Hague on Thursday, Luis Moreno-Ocampo said he would listen to victims and assured them protection.

“I will listen to the victims, respect their interests and request justice for them in court. We have a duty to protect each of our witnesses and we will,” he said.

“We will do it independently. It is also the responsibility of the Kenyan authorities to ensure that all those who speak in favour of justice are duly protected.”

Moreno-Ocampo said he has a list of 20 possible suspects made up of political and business leaders and that he will prosecute “those most responsible”.

‘Crimes against humanity’

A day earlier, the ICC authorised the prosecutor to investigate the post-election unrest, in which about 1,200 people died.

The ICC said in a statement issued on Wednesday that “the information available provides a reasonable basis to believe that crimes against humanity have been committed on Kenyan territory”.

Weeks of violence followed the 2007 general election, with about 400,000 people fleeing their homes. Hundreds were killed in tribal clashes and police were accused of brutality.

Al Jazeera’s Andrew Simmons said that outside Moreno-Ocampo’s list of 20 top suspects, there were many others involved in the unrest.

“Beyond those 20, there are hundreds, maybe thousands, of killers, who haven’t been brought to justice.”

He also said that the witnesses Morano-Ocampo vowed to protect were just a small number of the victims.

“There are countless others out there, in hiding, worried about their lives … Most human rights campaigners believe there’s no such thing as independent justice in Kenya and there’s no such thing as independent protection for those who are prepared to risk their lives to give evidence in court.”

Kenya’s failure to set up a tribunal to try suspects of the unrest prompted Kofi Annan, the former UN secretary-general, to hand in the names of important suspects to the ICC.

Annan has welcomed the investigation decision, describing its start as an “important day for justice.”

“Justice for the victims suddenly looks brighter. I urge all concerned to fully co-operate with the ICC,” he said in a statement on Wednesday.

‘Witnesses protected’

Mutula Kilonzo, the Kenyan justice minister, also “welcomed” the investigation.

He also said that victims who give evidence are already protected under Kenyan law.

“We have already on the ground a law on witness protection … and right now there is a draft in parliament seeking to amend it to meet international practices on witness protection,” he told Al Jazeera.

“The country has not only local but international obligations that the witnesses are protected. The world is watching, we are well aware of that.”

Kenya has agreed to provide the court with confidential information about incidents during the unrest.

Mark Ellis, the executive director at the International Bar Association, praised the ICC’s decision on Wednesday.

“I think it is a very important step for Kenya and the international community,” he told Al Jazeera.

“The ICC provided an opportunity for Kenya to undertake their own investigation and prosecution, but they were not able to do that.

“It is morally and legally right for the International Criminal Court now to undertake this first step and that is the investigation into the crimes that were committed in Kenya.”

Ellis said Kenyans cannot enjoy “sustainable peace and certainly not reconciliation” unless those who have committed the atrocities are brought to justice.

The ICC is the world’s first permanent court mandated to bring to justice perpetrators of war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide when national courts are unable or unwilling to do so.

Currently, 110 states are parties to the ICC.

http://english.aljazeera.net/news/africa/2010/04/2010418421935945.html

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Written by Lwin Aung Soe

April 1, 2010 at 1:06 pm