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ျပည္သူေတြဆီမွာ လြတ္လပ္မႈနဲ႔ တန္းတူညီမွ်မႈ အရင္ဆံုး ရွိေနမွ ဒီမိုိကေရစီ စံႏႈန္းရွိတာ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။

Posts Tagged ‘IDPs

World focus on Burma (19 June 2009)

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Jasmine planted in honour of pro-democracy leader

Press and Journal – Alanna Petrie

Aung San Suu Kyi was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991 for her attempts to make Burma a democratic country. Her efforts followed the resignation of

Beatle news briefs: Macca will have opening act at Citi Field – ‎

It is vital that Aung San Suu Kyi is released so that she can govern the people who elected her and give Burma back the freedom we all take for granted.

Suu Kyi celebrates 64th birthday in jail


World leaders demand the release and an end to the trial of Myanmar’s…

pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi, as she celebrates her 64th birthday in prison.

A Burma birthday – in prison

San Francisco Chronicle – ‎

While Iran’s leaders nervously monitor street protests, Burma’s military rulers are trying to ride out their own crisis. A worldwide protest continues to

EU calls for release of Suu Kyi

Haber 27 – ‎

“We urge Myanmar to embark on a genuine transition to democracy bringing peace and prosperity to its people,” it said. The EU says the message will be …

FEER(6/5) Raising The Stakes In Burma

Wall Street Journal – Ian Holliday – ‎

The initial reaction to this latest twist in the long-running Burma saga was outrage. Close to Insein Prison, brave huddles of largely silent witnesses …

Council calls for release of Burma’s Suu Kyi

Irish Times – Patrick Smyth – ‎

FOREIGN POLICY: THE EUROPEAN Council yesterday called “for the immediate unconditional release of [Burmese opposition leader] Aung San Suu Kyi, …

US Senate women urge Suu Kyi freedom

AFP – ‎

WASHINGTON (AFP) — The 17 women serving in the US Senate made a joint appeal Friday for the release of Myanmar’s opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi as she …

Amid privations, its regime prospers by trading with China and India

Wall Street Journal – ‎

In the 1800s, British soldiers conquered what used to be known as Burma. It became the world’s biggest rice exporter and a major source of timber. …

EU agrees to step up Myanmar sanctions – Brown

Forbes –

… opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi. ‘Europe agreed today to step up sanctions and take further targeted measures against the Burmese regime,’ British …

Iran’s Supreme Leader Backs Vote Outcome

Democracy Now – ‎

Burmese pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi turns sixty-four today. She remains under house arrest. Activists across the world are marking her birthday …

Of protests and players: Iran, Burma and the US – Joseph Ball – ‎

… not to say that Burma’s rural population should be estimated to support the military government or oppose any potential candidacy of Aung San Suu Kyi, …

Day in pictures

BBC News – ‎

A Burmese woman in Malaysia sheds a tear as she listens to song dedicated to detained opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi, who is marking her 64th birthday. …

Ball gets around

Financial Times – Emiko Terazono

Nobel prize winner Aung San Suu Kyi , who turned 64 yesterday, is a patron of the charity, and Anthony Aris , twin brother of her late husband Michael, …

Amid privations, its regime prospers by trading with China and India

Wall Street Journal –

Others go so far as to propose that the West should accept a diminished role for Aung San Suu Kyi, Myanmar’s leading opposition figure. …

Why These Protests, And Not Others?

American Conservative Magazine – Daniel Larison – ‎

Would the West have been half as animated about the crackdown in BurmaAung San Suu Kyi’s picture had not been so widely distributed and … two years ago if

Seenews: news report of 19.06.2009

Girodivite – ‎

… 2009, 16:46 CET | Story | B92 Campaigners across the globe are honoring the birthday Friday of Burma’s detained democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi. …

SPECIAL PREVIEW: The Abandonment of Democracy

Commentary – Joshua Muravchik – ‎

This softening may have emboldened that junta to place opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi on trial in May after having been content to keep her under house …

EU condemns violence in Iran

European Voice – Andrew Gardner – ‎

In another, they declared their solidarity with the Burmese opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi, whose 64th birthday is today, her 2209th day under house …

Refugees in limbo while they wait for US entry

Online Athens – Tricia Spaulding – ‎

In 2006, the United States started accepting applications from Burmese/Myanmar refugees who wanted to immigrate here, Htoo said. He and his entire extended …

Uthuru Wasanthaya- a gateway to development, recovery, revival …

Lankaweb – ‎

MYANMAR ( Burma) has about 503000 idps due to decades of a long Internal conflict in Myanmar as well as Cyclone Nargis. · The Central African Republic has …

Inside Yangon, Myanmar

Wall Street Journal –

Villagers in front of their home in a village on the outskirts of Rangoon, Burma, May 31, 2009. She reports that her income has been halved in the past year …

A stop sign for human trafficking

Christian Science Monitor – ‎

… report’s worst-performing category, six were from Africa (the seventh was Malaysia, where traffickers are exploiting migrants from Burma, or Myanmar). …

Pajamas Media – ‎‎

Iran would have looked like Burma/Myanmar or North Korea, and all we would have known about events there surrounding the election would have come from …

EU summit results in financial reforms and progress on Lisbon Treaty

Deutsche Welle – Susan Houlton – ‎

… for European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso to run for another five-year term and an agreement for increased sanctions against Burma (Myanmar).

Soccer fans arrested for hooliganism –

The official sponsor of the Yadanabon FC, Alpine Mineral water Company, said they had brought fans all the way from Mandalay in central Burma in 10 cars and …

World Refugee Day: European Commission funding provides for the …

ReliefWeb (press release) –

For nearly twenty five years, thousands have fled from fighting in Burma/Myanmar crossing the border into Thailand. The refugees are not allowed to leave …

THAILAND: More ethnic Karen flee to Thailand – ‎

MAE SOT, 19 June 2009 (IRIN) – Thousands of ethnic Karen villagers have fled across the border into Thailand in recent weeks in the wake of Myanmar army …

Long-Suffering Rohingya In Bangladesh Face Unacceptable Abuse

Medical News Today (press release) – ‎

The Rohingya, a Muslim ethnic minority originating from Myanmar, are denied citizenship and suffer persecution and discrimination in Myanmar. …

Loss of Karen bases a ‘strategic’ move by KNU

Democratic Voice of Burma – Htet Aung Kyaw

June 19, 2009 (DVB)–The Burmese army is increasingly susceptible to ambushes from the Karen National Union following the overthrow of a number of Karen …

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

June 19, 2009 at 5:16 am


with one comment

Updated: [June 19, 2009 ] :: 00:52:26


Over 4,000 ethnic Karen villagers have been forced to seek refuge in Thailand since the Burmese military and Democratic Karen Buddhist Army (DKBA) began their final attempt to defeat the Karen National Union (KNU) rebels, who are fighting to gain their independence.

And more refugees stream across the Thai-Burmese border every day. Meanwhile, disturbing accounts of rape and murder are adding to the reports of deprivation and terror.

Most of the refugees are from Ler Per Her IDP camp, but there are also villagers from over seven villages that have crossed the Moei River to Thailand in the face of fierce combat and mortar attacks; altogether there are over 40 villages in the conflict zone. “If the fighting continues, at least 8,000 more villagers will have to escape across the border or die at the hands of the soldiers,” KNU General Secretary, Zipporah Sein, is reported as saying.

According to a June 17 allegation from a spokesman from Karen relief organisation, the Free Burma Ranger (FBR), Burmese military assailants raped and murdered two teenage Karen women, while passing through Kwee Law Plo village, Lu Pleh Township, Pa-an district on June 12. The victims aged 18 and 17 respectively, the first eight-months pregnant, and the second, the mother of a six-month-old baby, were raped and murdered after their husbands had escaped into the jungle to avoid being press-ganged into working as porters for the Burmese Army. Previously, on 27 December, 2008, a seven-year-old Karen girl was reported to also have been raped and murdered by a Burmese soldier.

The Burmese military have long been accused by various Karen ethnic-rights groups of using systematic rape as a weapon to terrorize border-dwelling ethnic people. A report by the Karen Women Organization (KWO) entitled “Shattering Silences” cites 125 cases of sexual violence committed between 1988 and 2004. Officers were apparently the biggest offenders, being responsible for 50% of the rapes, 40% of which were gang-rapes, and in 28% of the instances the women were subsequently murdered. Similarly, in a 2002 report entitled “Licence to Rape” by the Shan Women’s Action Network (SWAN), 173 ethnic Shan women gave evidence of having been raped or suffering sexual violence by the Burmese military.

The present mass exodus of Karen villagers began after the DKBA warned the local village headman that they were going to recruit more soldiers and porters.

“We knew what that meant, all the able-bodied men would be used by the army in one way or another, and on top of that we would have to give them money and food rations,” said villager Pa Naw Naw, 41, before he fled with his family, leaving his 11-year-old son behind to look after their house and animals. A common practice, apparently, as by far the majority of the refugees are women and children.

This is essentially a last ditch attempt to save their 6-year insurgency.”We will fight to the bitter end,” said David Thakerbaw, a 74-year-old KNU who has spent virtually his whole life fighting the Burmese military oppression. “We have no option but to fight on and hold on to every strip of land,” he said. “We know they will continue to commit human rights abuses, seize our land and control our natural resources.”

The latest military campaign is related to the Junta’s planned elections next year and the proposed creation of a national border police force, to be composed of the disarmed ethnic rebel armies who have ceasefire agreements with the government. “They want to eliminate (the) KNU now because we have called on all Karen to boycott the elections,” maintained Thackerbaw. “The last thing they want is for other ethnic groups to follow our lead.”

Thai wats (temples), especially those in the vicinity of the Thai border town of Mae Sot, are the mainstay for a considerable number of refugees. “They are in relatively good condition,” Kitty McKinsey, regional spokeswoman for the United Nations High Commission for Refugees, reported “They are not emaciated, though many have walked for more than seven days to escape from the Myanmar army,” apparently with only the clothes they stood up in. Pa Kyaw, a 30-year-old refugee at Wat Noh Bo in Mae Sot, said, plaintively, “We want an end to all this fighting. All we want is to be left alone in peace, and to be able to return to our homes”


Written by Lwin Aung Soe

June 18, 2009 at 4:29 am

UN assessing situation of Myanmar refugees in Thailand

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UN assessing situation of Myanmar refugees in Thailand

A cultural orientation session in a refugee camp on the Thai/Myanmar border

9 June 2009 – The United Nations refugee agency today said that it is looking into the situation of a group of several thousand Karen people who recently fled across the Moei River from Myanmar to Thailand.

Estimates of the number of people who escaped to northern Thailand since last Wednesday range from 2,000 to 6,400, and “one of the first things we would like to do is ascertain the number of people who are in the five sites near Mae Sot,” William Spindler, spokesperson for the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), told reporters in Geneva.

The refugees are seeking shelter in temples and in homes in four villages, and in one case, in a cave accessible only by river and a 40-minute climb up a steep mountain.

Mr. Spindler said that according to preliminary talks with some new arrivals, “it seems some were fleeing actual fighting between the Democratic Karen Buddhist Army, which is allied with Government forces, and the rebel Karen National Union (KNU). Others say they were fleeing forced recruitment or forced labour by Government forces.”

A number of the recently-arrived refugees were already uprooted in Myanmar and living in the Ler Per Her camp for internally displaced persons (IDPs) run by the KNU in Karen-held territory, he noted.

According to people from the camp, everyone sheltering there fled to Thailand after it was shelled, the spokesperson said.

Many of the refugees brought supplies with them, and aid agencies are also providing them with necessities, such as food, mosquito nets, pots, pans and blankets, while UNHCR has distributed plastic sheeting.

“Most of the new arrivals say they want to stay as close to their villages as possible in order to go home quickly once the situation calms down because they left cattle behind and because it is time to begin planting rice,” Mr. Spindler said, adding that UNHCR is working closely with Thai authorities to best respond to the needs of the new arrivals.

In February, the agency said that there were some 111,000 registered refugees living in nine camps along the Thai-Myanmar border, who are restricted from leaving the camps and as a result unable to earn a living or receive higher education.

News Tracker: past stories on this issue

UN Ambassador Angelina Jolie voices support for Myanmar refugees in Thailand

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

June 9, 2009 at 10:33 pm

Posted in Varieties in English

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Mortar Bombs Hit Ler Per Her IDP Camp – Up To 200 Used As Slave Labour

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Mortar Bombs Hit Ler Per Her IDP Camp – Up To 200 Used As Slave Labour

Jun 8th, 2009

Media Release From Burma Campaign UK
For Immediate Release 8th June 2009

The British government and United Nations have remained silent about a new military offensive in Karen State, Burma, which has forced around 4,000 people to flee their homes.

There are now almost 1,500 soldiers from the Burmese Army and its allies, the Democratic Karen Buddhist Army (DKBA), involved in the new offensive in the Pa’an district of Karen State, on the Thailand Burma border. The Burma Campaign UK has visited the camp twice this year, hearing first hand testimony of abuses committed by the regime.

According to Burma Campaign UK sources, three mortar bombs have hit the Ler Per Her camp for Internally Displaced People. The camp was evacuated on Friday. The camp is two miles from the nearest Karen National Liberation Army base.

The Burmese Army are firing up to fifty 81mm mortar bombs a day into territory controlled by the Karen National Liberation Army, the armed wing of the Karen National Union, a pro-democracy organisation resisting the rule of the dictatorship. Some mortar bombs have also landed across the border in Thailand.

Eye witnesses who have escaped from territory taken over by the Burmese Army and DKBA reported that between 150 and 200 villagers have been taken as slave labour by the DKBA. They are being forced to carry military equipment, including into areas where the attacks are taking place. Some have not been given food for five days and are forced to sleep in the open in the rain.

“Once against the international community is looking the other way while my people are attacked and forced to run for their lives,” said Zoya Phan, International Co-ordinator at Burma Campaign UK. Zoya Phan has twice been forced to flee her village after it was attacked by Burmese Army troops. “Why hasn’t a single government called for an end to these attacks? Why isn’t there any effort to secure a global arms embargo? The British government must push for a UN Commission of Inquiry into these crimes against humanity being committed by the dictatorship.”

For more information contact Zoya Phan on 44(0)7738630139.

Source- Burma Digest

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

June 8, 2009 at 7:02 pm

World focus on Burma (7 April 2009)

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Safe Hospitals Save Lives in Times of Disaster

Voice of America – 

The biggest disaster was Cyclone Nargis in Burma, which left more than 138000 people dead or missing. This was followed by the Sichuan earthquake in …

Shan: Medical Care for Detained Leader Perfunctory


Medical treatment given to elected Shan party leader, who has been a prisoner of junta-ruled Burma since 2005, has been perfunctory sources claim. …

Obama – Appeaser-in-Chief? – 

Even if Washington maintains a US Embassy in the former Burmese capital of Rangoon and low intensity diplomatic relations with Burma has never been cut off, …

An institutional gap for disaster IDPs

ReliefWeb (press release) – 

At the regional level, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), in response to Cyclone Nargis in Burma, became actively involved in diplomatic …

Indians beginning to enjoy crime fiction, says author Etteth – 

… Army (INA) boards a Mitsubishi-K1-21 bomber to fly east to Manchuria and crashes into the heart of a jungle in Myanmar with 30 million pounds in gold. …

Scholar Wrote About Jewish Culture

Washington Post – ‎‎

Dr. Cernea was on her second honeymoon in 1987 when she discovered a little-known Jewish community in Myanmar (Burma) and the country’s only synagogue, …

MEDIA-THAILAND: Blogger Gets 10 Years for Insulting Monarchy

Australia.TO – 

The crimes Suwicha had committed included violating the 2007 computer crime law, which came into force when Thailand was under the grip of a junta that …

Otto Reich: Lifting Cuba Travel Ban Unwise – 

… says the Obama administration should be demanding that the Castro regime stop engaging in a litany of human rights abuses and allow for new freedoms. …

Obama Puts Global Engagement to the Test

North Star Writers Group – 

… rights abuses from Cuba to Burma to Zimbabwe. Instead, the council focuses almost singularly on Israel, the Middle East’s lone democracy but a nation to …

Good Pitch at Hot Docs selects five social issue projects – ‎‎

… Mona Nicoara’s Our School (Roma children in Transylvania); Nic Dunlop’s Burma Soldier (a Burmese soldier who becomes a pro-democracy activist); …

Capturing Burma’s protests on film

BBC News – 

The protests spread from activists to monks and students, and became an uprising – the most significant challenge to Burma’s generals in almost two decades. …

Development: The human trafficking problem —Syed Mohammad Ali

Daily Times – 

Pakistan is also used as a transit country for human trafficking from Bangladesh, Burma, Nepal and Sri Lanka. The Human Rights Commission of Pakistan …

Hearing canceled for Burmese man accused of girl’s murder

Salt Lake Tribune – 

The defense had also raised questions about Met’s age, noting that there are no birth records for him in either Burma, now know as Myanmar, or Thailand, …

Pro-Israel activists set to do battle at Durban II

Jewish Telegraphic Agency – 

Moreover, some 40 human-rights groups will sponsor a “Geneva Summit for Human Rights, Tolerance and Democracy” to showcase Burmese, Cuban, …

Years After the End of Suharto’s New Order Era, Democracy is …

Jakarta Globe – 

And Burma’s military dictatorship remains one of the world’s most reviled governments. Contrast them with Indonesia and things look pretty good. …

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

April 7, 2009 at 6:31 am

Backpack doctors risk Burma’s wrath

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Saturday, March 21, 2009

(03-21) 04:00 PDT Mergui-Tavoy District,

Burma – Eh Dah Zu, a petite, 24-year-old woman, peeled back layers of white plastic and cloth wrapped around a sugarcane stalk – a prop simulating bone, muscle and skin – before cutting it with a thin cable saw to simulate an amputation.

Dr. Larry Stock (right) conferring with a Karen villager who lost his leg in a landmine accident two years ago. (By Janet Wells / Special to The Chronicle)

The exercise, part of a trauma skills workshop in eastern Burma, was a stark reminder that there are no doctors or hospitals in this war-ravaged sliver of mountainous jungle near Thailand, where ethnic minorities have resisted the Burmese army for 60 years. The country’s military junta provides little health care, or access to international humanitarian groups for an estimated 500,000 displaced villagers, many of whom suffer from rampant malaria, malnutrition and one of the world’s highest rates of land-mine injuries.

In response, Burmese refugees in Thailand developed a unique program, effectively sneaking health care into their own country: A network of tiny mobile clinics now dot eastern Burma, where medics like Eh Dah Zu carry medical supplies in backpacks, walk for weeks through remote jungles and risk capture and injury to reach patients.

Essential health services

“It’s extraordinary, and one of the only examples that exists in the world where refugees and displaced persons themselves are going back into their country to provide essential health services in a situation of clear state failure,” said Dr. Chris Beyrer, professor of epidemiology and director of the Center for Public Health and Human Rights at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

The military junta, known officially as the State Peace and Development Council, or SPDC, likens this health program to aiding the enemy. Since 1998, seven medics and one midwife have been killed by soldiers or land mines, dozens more have been captured and beaten, and their families threatened, according to human rights reports.

Aye Chan, a 28-year-old medic, has been chased and shot at. Four years ago, soldiers detained his father, demanding seven buffalo and $400 in exchange for his life. He paid them and then fled his village. Aye Chan has not seen him since. Like other health workers, he depends on villagers and armed guards for information to escape capture.

“If the SPDC is close, my heart beats fast, knees shake,” Aye Chan said. “We are fleeing, so there’s no time to feel scared. What I am afraid of is losing my backpack. Then I have no supplies, no way to treat patients.”

Once considered the rice basket of Asia, decades of military rule in Burma, which is also known as Myanmar, have taken a blunt toll. The junta’s top generals have reaped profits from mining, natural gas and logging, while reducing the resource-rich country to one of the world’s poorest: Burma ranked 135 out of 179 countries in the United Nations’ 2008 Human Development Index, and is tied with Iraq as the second most corrupt country in the world, according to Transparency International’s 2008 rankings.

Exodus of Burmese

Politics and economics have pushed more than 1 million Burmese into neighboring countries over the past two decades, with another 1 million undocumented migrants in Thailand alone.

Pro-democracy activists, along with the country’s numerous ethnic minority groups, have long been at odds with the government, and none longer than the Karen. Shortly after Burma’s independence from Britain in 1948, the Karen National Liberation Army launched a war for autonomy now entering its sixth decade – the oldest civil conflict in the world.

A government counterinsurgency campaign in eastern Burma has demolished thousands of Karen homes, destroyed crops and conscripted civilians as slave laborers, human rights groups say. As a result, the region has one of the world’s highest maternal and child mortality rates.

Training medics is key

Medic Eh Dah Zu spent four months hiking through the jungle before returning to the Thailand-Burma border region to attend training sessions, deliver patient data, and pick up supplies for her next stint. She earns $20 a month, which covers little more than the rice, chili oil, and seasonings she carries along with a medical kit containing a knife, malaria medicine, antibiotics, intravenous solution, gloves, sutures and anesthetic.

“The villagers are in a bad situation,” Eh Dah Zu said. “I feel good, that this is helping my people.”

But she has had her share of close calls. Last year, she pretended to be a villager’s daughter after soldiers abruptly appeared.

But such risks seem to be no deterrent in recruiting staff for the backpack doctor program.

At a trauma workshop held last month at a village called Tee Moo Kee, 18 medics and 23 less-experienced health workers crammed into the bamboo, open-air classroom, standing on benches to observe the class.

For four days, two trainers – Dr. Larry Stock, 47, clinical professor at UCLA medical school, and a member of Berkeley’s Planet Care/Global Health Access Program; and Frank Tyler, 43, a paramedic and director of operations with Australian Aid International – ran through a gamut of trauma skills, from basic emergency first aid to surgical procedures.

“If they pick up 10 percent of the material, that’s fine,” said Stock, who trekked to the jungle training site in a region off-limits to foreigners. “Some will pick up 80 percent. And it will give every member of a team a deeper understanding of what they might face.”

Such sessions can teach students how to stop bleeding, create an airway, saw through bone – skills that helped Eh Dah Zu save the life of a villager in 2007 after his left foot and ankle were blown off by a land mine.

“There’s no backup out here. They can’t refer a patient,” Stock said. “These medics are it.”

Mobile medics

In 1998, with spiraling mortality and disease in eastern Burma, refugee leaders from the Karen Department of Health and Welfare and the Mae Tao clinic based in a Thai border town in Thailand created the Backpack Health Worker Team. The organization is the backbone of a mobile health system capable of operating in a region where government troops and ethnic minority rebels have waged war for decades.

The Karen – the largest of Burma’s ethnic hill tribes – “have a can-do attitude,” said Dr. Larry Stock, of the Berkeley-based Planet Care/Global Health Access Program. “Faced with a health crisis and major trauma, instead of saying, ‘We have no doctors,’ they’ve stepped up and are saving lives.”

China’s “barefoot doctors” of the 1960s provided the inspiration. But while Mao Zedong’s Cultural Revolution celebrated its rural health corps, Burma’s military junta considers it aiding the enemy.

Pilot programs have reduced malaria by more than 85 percent, increased access to maternal and neonatal care, and provided data linking increased mortality and disease with human rights violations, according to public health journals and rights groups.

The backpack doctor model has been so successful that it recently expanded to address ethnic minority health needs on Burma’s China and India borders. – Janet Wells

For more information see Planet Care/Global Health Access Program:; Mae Tao Clinic:; Backpack Health Worker Team:

E-mail Janet Wells at

Written by Lwin Aung Soe

March 22, 2009 at 2:58 am